Látrabjarg in the Westfjords of Iceland - the largest Sea-Bird Cliff in Europe

Látrabjarg bird-cliff in the Westfjords of Iceland is the largest sea-bird cliff in Europe and one of the westernmost parts of Europe (24°32'´3" west). The Bjargtangar part of Látrabjarg is often called the westernmost point if you skip the mid-Atlantic archipelago of Azores. Látrabjarg is up to 441 meters high and 14 km long. 

Látrabjarg is considered to be one of the most spectacular sea-bird cliffs in the world and the bird life here is amazing. Here are literally millions of sea-birds, with the most sought after (photography wise) being the puffin. But you might also see the razorbill, fulmar, guillemot and many, many other species of sea-birds - 10 all in all - nesting and raising their chicks in the cliffs.

Látrabjarg in the Westfjords of Iceland - the largest Sea-Bird Cliff in Europe

Above you can see the light-house at Látrabjarg, which is the westernmost light-house in Europe.

Látrabjarg is divided into 4 parts: Keflavíkurbjarg, Látrabjarg, Bæjarbjarg and Breiðavíkurbjarg cliffs. It is sheer-sided and there is a painted white line to warn people against not getting too close to the edge and falling off the cliff. 

In this travel-blog, I will mainly be showing you Látrabjarg and the puffins and a little bit from my detour to Keflavíkurbjarg cliffs as well. 

Látrabjarg bird cliff in the Westfjords of Iceland

Látrabjarg is, in my opinion, the best place in Iceland to get close to and photograph the puffins. Another good spot, where you can get close to the puffins is in Bakkagerði in Borgarfjörður-Eystri in East-Iceland.

At Látrabjarg the puffins are so tame, as it were, and fearless of us humans. They barely budge, even though people get very close. They seem to be used to having people around and know that we are not going to harm them. But people can go too close to them as you will see a little later on in my travel-blog.

Látrabjarg in the Westfjords of Iceland - the largest Sea-Bird Cliff in Europe

Sometimes the puffins look like they are posing for the camera, but that is just their manner. They do their own business and go on with their life, ignoring us gazing at them and pointing a camera in their direction. Let's not use flash when photographing the puffins as it is not good for their eyes. 

Once when I lay on my back in the grass close to the edge a puffin jumped up on the edge and walked towards me. He then sat down almost right next to me and just stayed there. I didn't dare to move and just enjoyed its company :)

Látrabjarg in the Westfjords of Iceland - the largest Sea-Bird Cliff in Europe

I have never been as close to puffins as I have been at Látrabjarg, it almost feels as if I can touch them here. But they will not allow us to touch them and we should never try it. As puffins have an oil gland to protect their feathers in water by the root of their tail. Touching them could make them lose the protecting oil, so petting is not allowed where puffins are concerned.

And they bite hard when feeling threatened or trapped as Gordon Ramsey found out the hard way when a puffin bit his nose.

What is characteristic about the puffins is the brightly colourful beak and their bright orange legs.

The puffin chicks don't' have the bright orange colour of their parents, they have a grey beak and grey legs. And even the grown-up puffins only sport the bright orange colour during their breeding season and lose it in the winter time. But when this happens they live out at sea, so we never see them looking like that.

The wings of the puffins are very small and it is so cute to see them fly as they flap their wings so rapidly. These small wings are perfect for catching fish I have been told.

What is also characteristic about the puffin is that it digs a tunnel or a burrow in which it lays only one egg a year, so usually, eggs are not picked from the puffins. I remember reading the news in 2014 about an Icelandic puffin egg being auctioned on E-bay.

The police was notified as eggs cannot be exported from Iceland without an exemption from our Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The seller was fortunately apprehended.

Látrabjarg is heaven for bird-lovers and photographers, given that you get the right weather conditions.

I have laid on my stomach and looked down at the birds as to not lose balance, as looking down and taking photos with a zoom can easily make people lose balance. In my videos above you can see the view I had.

You can get really amazing photos of the puffins at Látrabjarg, even amateur photographers as myself can get photos which look quite professional :) And you might want to stay in the vicinity for the night to be able to visit Látrabjarg late at night and the next morning to get photos in a different light. The number of puffins also varies according to the time of day.

Látrabjarg in the Westfjords of Iceland - the largest Sea-Bird Cliff in Europe

I stayed for one night at Hotel Breiðavík and have written a special travel-blog on my stay and my visit to Látrabjarg. The hotel is located some 12 km away from Látrabjarg.



Puffin at Látrabjarg bird cliff in the Westfjords of Iceland

The Atlantic puffins stay in Iceland from mid-May until late in August each year to raise their chicks. Then they stay out at sea in the winter time. All in all, there were around 10 million puffins in Iceland during the summertime, but their number is unfortunately rapidly decreasing.

The largest breeding puffin colony in the world is in Vestmannaeyjar Westman islands, which is a volcanic island just off the south shore of Iceland. There some 1.1 million puffins nest. I would recommend a visit to the Westman islands if you have got time during your Iceland visit.

Until last summer (2018) we were able to visit Tóti the Puffin up close and personal in the Westman islands, but I have written about the late puffin in another travel-blog.

Látrabjarg bird cliff in the Westfjords of Iceland

A cute kittiwake chick 

There are some great photo-opportunities at Látrabjarg, to say the least. Látrabjarg is visited by myriads of guests every summer, and even though it is remote then it is so worth the visit.

I used the zoom on my camera to get close up photos of the sea-birds. But I saw some people getting really close to the puffins, way, way too close.

Now, this is way too close and on the border of harassing these cute birds, who are just nesting there trying to bring up their chicks. And there is no need to go this close as the zoom works fine with photographing them.

Látrabjarg in the Westfjords of Iceland - the largest Sea-Bird Cliff in Europe

This is not the Zoo, but birds in their wild habitat and as little stress as possible should be put on them during their breeding season.

Also, the puffins dig 70-100 cm long burrows where they lay their one egg - so there are burrows underneath where there puffins nest, and being so close to the edge is not safe at all. A white line has been sprayed by the edge to show you how far it is safe to go.

I have seen too many people ignoring this line, sitting on the edge and swinging their legs. And the line fades so people might not be fully aware of the danger.

Látrabjarg in the Westfjords of Iceland - the largest Sea-Bird Cliff in Europe
I once pointed out to one gentleman, that he might be sitting on a hollow burrow which might cave in under his legs - he was quick to jump up. The lines are there for a reason - to keep us safe, and to keep the puffins at a safe distance from the visitors.

Keflavíkurbjarg cliffsLátrabjarg in the Westfjords of Iceland - the largest Sea-Bird Cliff in Europe

I was curious to know what Keflavíkurbjarg cliffs looked like. And seeing that I was staying in this area overnight, then I decided on taking the detour to Keflavíkurbjarg on my way back from Látrabjarg.

We drove as far as we could until we reached this sign "illfær vegur" meaning a bad or difficult road leading down to Keflavík. My husband always wants to see how far he can drive on these "illfær vegur" roads, but I put my foot down and said stop!

I did not want to be stuck on a bad road somewhere remote in the Westfjords with nobody around. As Látrabjarg and the puffins are the main attractions here and Keflavíkurbjarg is a much less visited cliff. I saw that some people had been here before us and it saddened me to see all the tourist cairns in this beautiful remote spot. Why do some people always have to leave a trace?

Látrabjarg in the Westfjords of Iceland - the largest Sea-Bird Cliff in Europe

We walked to the edge of the cliff and had a look around. And this is the view we had - the other side of the beautiful Rauðasandur - Red Sand Beach! It was worth making this detour if just for seeing this beautiful sight. It was overcast and kind of ominous weather though.

When I was little we were told stories of the remote Westfjords, but never visited them. My grandmother was born in the Westfjords, but my mother didn't visit the Westfjords until we held a family reunion there back in 2010.

Látrabjarg in the Westfjords of Iceland - the largest Sea-Bird Cliff in Europe

When I looked on the other side of the cliffs I got chills. The cliffs looked so forbidding, like dark silent giants guarding the Westfjords. I just wanted to get out of here.

We were told stories of tall ominous mountains, steep roads in the mountains and remote areas. And I got the old feeling back of fearing the Westfjords when I saw this sight.

Látrabjarg in the Westfjords of Iceland - the largest Sea-Bird Cliff in Europe

By now I have spent a lot of time exploring the Westfjords and absolutely love visiting them. My mother does not want to visit them again and my sister has never visited them. Sometimes tourists in Iceland see more of the country than we locals do.

We took a backroad on our way back from Keflavíkurbjarg to Geldingsskorardalur to visit the spot were a heroic rescue took place. In fog and heavy undercurrent, the British trawler Dhoon stranded on the 12th of December 1947 by Látrabjarg.

Látrabjarg in the Westfjords of Iceland - the largest Sea-Bird Cliff in Europe

15 people were aboard the trawler - the local volunteer rescue teams and the local farmers came to their rescue and were able to save 12 of them under extremely difficult circumstances.

In this dreadfully cold weather in the dead of winter, the farmers used a string to heave the men up to safety. The farmers collected birds eggs in the summertime and used this type of string to hang from the cliffs. This difficult rescue took some 3 days under extremely hard conditions.

Látrabjarg in the Westfjords of Iceland - the largest Sea-Bird Cliff in Europe

A memorial plaque was erected in 1997 on the 50th anniversary of the heroic rescue

Vestfirðingar - the locals from the Westfjords of Iceland - are a special breed of tough Icelanders, as you can read in my travel-blog A hazardous Tour of Svalvogar & Dynjandi, the Jewels of the Westfjords of Iceland.

You can watch a documentary on this heroic rescue operation at the museum at Hnjótur. When the film was being shot at Látrabjarg the trawler Sargon stranded at Hafnarmúli by Örlygshöfn close by.

Látrabjarg in the Westfjords of Iceland - the largest Sea-Bird Cliff in Europe

The information sign on the heroic rescue of the British trawler Dhoon

The men rushed to Hafnarmúli to rescue the seamen from the trawler Sargon. The director of the documentary on the British trawler Dhoon, shot and used footage from the real rescue operation of Sargon at Hafnarmúli for his documentary. I recommend visiting Hnjótur museum to watch the documentary, as it leaves no man untouched.

Hnjótur is included in the Grand West - Látrabjarg, Rauðasandur and more tour, on which I have written the travel-blog Visit the Natural Wonders of the Westfjords of Iceland - Látrabjarg Bird Cliff & Rauðasandur Beach. A highly recommended tour.

Látrabjarg in the Westfjords of Iceland - the largest Sea-Bird Cliff in Europe

By now we have visited the oldest sedimentary strata of Iceland, created some 12-13 million years ago. Life always finds its way, even under the harshest circumstances and so did the beautiful flower in my photo above. I noticed it in several places on my way to Keflavíkurbjarg, growing amongst the rocks, beautifying the grey rocky landscape. 

I stopped the car and took some photos of it. It is yellow and has got a light green hue, very beautiful. It is called melasól in Icelandic - papaver radicatum in Latin, and it is common in the Westfjords of Iceland, the Eastfjords and on the Snæfellsnes peninsula, although I have only come across it in the Westfjords.

Látrabjarg in the Westfjords of Iceland - the largest Sea-Bird Cliff in Europe

Látrabjarg is located some 417 km away from Reykjavík, if you take ring-road 1, road 60, road 62 and then turn on road 612 for Látrabjarg.

Road 612, a 36 km long gravel road, leads to Látrabjarg. Remember to fill up on gas before going to Látrabjarg as there is no gas-station in this area. The nearest village is Patreksfjörður, some 13 km away from the intersection.

If you come by the ferry Baldur - then you will get off at Brjánslækur, which is some 80 km away.

Don't miss visiting Látrabjarg if you ever find yourself in this remote area of the Westfjords of Iceland. It is just amazing to see the puffins so tame and up close.

Látrabjarg in the Westfjords of Iceland - the largest Sea-Bird Cliff in Europe

A home-made traffic-sign on the way to Látrabjarg

To visit this area you can take an 8 Day Self Drive Tour | The West Fjords | Snæfellsnes Peninsula.

There is also the guided tour to Látrabjarg and Rauðasandur operating from May-August by Westfjord Adventures, which I joined and told you about earlier. The tours run by Westfjords Adventures start from Patreksfjörður village, and I would recommend joining a tour or two when visiting this area. It is priceless getting local guidance in such areas.

Látrabjarg in the Westfjords of Iceland - the largest Sea-Bird Cliff in Europe

I have written several other travel-blogs on the beautiful Westfjords of Iceland and will be adding more later on:

Have a lovely time in the Westfjords of Iceland :)

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