Diese beliebte und bezahlbare Eiskletter- und Wandertour nimmt dich mit zum beeindruckenden Gletscher Sólheimajökull in Südisland. Auf dieser Wander- und Klettertour wirst du die Eis- und Felsformationen des Gletschers aus direkter Nähe erkunden und, wenn du magst, dich am Eisklettern ausprobieren. Die Tour wird durch einen erfahrenen Reiseleiter und Bergsteiger geleitet und du erhältst von uns sämtliche Ausrüstung, die man für dieses Abenteuer benötigt. Auf dem Rückweg halten wir am Wasserfall Skógafoss, welcher einer der schönsten Wasserfälle Islands ist.
Sichere deinen Platz in dieser Tour und verpasse nicht dieses einmalige Erlebnis!
South Iceland is the most popular part of the country and contains some of the most beautiful natural attractions in Iceland, among them the Golden Circle, some of Iceland's most famous active volcanoes as well as the beautiful Jokulsarlon glacier lagoon.
South Iceland is usually divided into the fertile South Icelandic lowlands between Hellisheidi and Eyjafjallajokull volcano on the one hand - and on the other hand the eastern part with the big volcanic glaciers Eyjafjallajokull and Myrdalsjokull (home of Katla) and flattened sands stretching towards the sea.
The South Icelandic Lowlands stretch nearly 100 km from Hellisheidi in the west towards Eyjafjallajokull in the east as a very flat and fertile farming land. From the shore the lowland stretches about km towards the inland. This is the best agriculture area in Iceland. The whole area is geologically very young, mainly of tuff type, formed during the Ice Age by the lava flows of the numerous volcanoes of the area. The area is indeed surrounded by volcanically active mountains on all sides. The glacier rivers of the area have helped filling the lavas with sand and clay, leaving it more and less smooth and fertile. Very strong earthquakes are found in this area as well.
The most active volcanoes of the area are Hekla and Eyjafjallajokull. No less active and not far off, but on the east side, is Katla, which we’ll adress in the eastern part-section. South of the mainland are the volcanic Westman Islands, famous for the 1973 eruption as well as the eruption in 1963, when Surtsey island was formed. Closely linked to the volcanic activity in the south is the geothermal heat found in many places, the best known being the Geysir area, which forms a part of the famed Golden Circle, which also consists of Gullfoss waterfall , Iceland's most famous waterfall as well as one of its most beautiful, located in the popular rafting river Hvita and Thingvellir National Park, comprising three of Iceland's most beloved natural attractions.
The earthquakes of the area bear witness to the fact that Iceland is still in shape. This is further evidenced by the endless number of fissures in the lavas, fractures in the mountains and certain pieces of lands sinking. The area of Thingvellir is the best known example of this, showcasing the continental drift. Thingvellir is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the location of the old parliament, Althingi, (now situated in Reykjavik) and one of Iceland's most important sites.
Another of Iceland's most popular attractions is the beautiful Thorsmork valley, situated between Myrdalsjokull and Eyjafjallajokull.
Natural harbour-sites are hardly any on the South shore, due to sand produced by the glacier rivers. A few towns are found in the area, Selfoss being the biggest one, Hveragerdi is another, then there are Hella and Hvolsvollur, all conveniently located by the ring road. By the shore are three fishing villages; Thorlakshofn, Eyrarbakki and Stokkseyri. Thorlakshofn the only one of those that can accommodate modern ships and ferrys. The ferry to the Westman Islands sails from there. A new harbour has been built on the sandy coast opposite the Westman Islands. The whole south shoreline offers some of the most gigantic braker waves that you are likely to see.
Culturewise, in addition to Thingvellir, we reccomend the ancient bishop seat of Skalholt (weekends at Skalholt further offer rich music life). Also, Iceland's most famous saga, Njal's saga takes place in the South lowlands. We further recommend the large reconstructed turfhouse near Stong and the ancient excavated ruins.
For sports, horse riding is popular in the area as well as catching salmon or trout, hiking, and river rafting in Hvita.
This is the area south and east of Myrdalsjokull. The volcanic glaciers Eyjafjallajokull (near the border of the eastern and western part) and Myrdalsjokull, dominate the view. The landscape has been shaped by volcanic eruptions and vast sands stretch to the sea. Some agriculture is found here, however, with the farms in a row alongside the mountains. A few large glacial rivers fall down in this area which also has striking waterfalls, such as Skogafoss and Seljalandsfoss.
Eyjafjallajokull is already well known for its 2010 eruption, disturbing air communication all over Europe for many days. Much more serious,however, would be an eruption from Katla, a volcano in the eastern part og Myrdalsjokull.
Katla’s last eruption was in the year 1918, when an enormous flood of water exploded from the glacier in a matter of minutes, threatening the local farmers of the area. Large amounts of ash and muddy material were brought to sea to form a new land of sand, Kotlutangi, later washed away by the sea. No people were killed in this eruption. Eruptions in Katla throughout the ages have further created the vast sand area Myrdalssandur. Sixteen eruptions have been recorded for Katla since 930 at intervals of 13-95 years and the volcano is being closely monitored, as time may draw near to its next eruption.
In the same volcanic system as Katla (geologically speaking), are the Lakagigar craters, northeast of Myrdalsjokull. Those erupted in the years 1783-84; producing the largest amount of lava known in historic times. The ashes hindered the sunlight from reaching down to the surface of Earth, resulting in cold climate over northern Europe.
In this area – what we call the eastern part of South Iceland -, there are many places worth visiting: Solheimajokull is a beautiful glacier in a walking distance (an outlet of Myrdalsjokull); Skogar has a very interesting museum of older time traditions and Skogafoss is only a few km away from there. One of Iceland’s most famous hiking routes, Fimmvorduhals, starts from Skogar. Southwest of the village Vik is one of Iceland’s most spectacular beaches, Reynisfjara. Together with the promontory Dyrholaey, which is the southernmost tip of the mainland of Iceland, it offers a breathtaking view with amazing rock formations, a black pebble beach, an abundance of birds and the powerful waves of the North Atlantic Ocean crashing on the beach.
Further east stretches the world's most vast sand plain, Skeidararsandur. North of the sand is the fascinating Skaftafell preservation area. At its east end, south of Hvannadalshnukur, Iceland's highest peak, is Ingolfshofdi cape, with its rich birdlife, old fishermen's shacks and its lighthouse. Following the shore further east is the incredibly beautiful and ice-filled Jokulsarlon glacier lagoon. Not far off is the region of Sudursveit, featuring the culture center and heritage museum Thorbergssetur, erected in the memory of Icelandic author Thorbergur Thordarson.
The Icelandic highlands cover the major part of the country and many of Iceland’s main natural attractions can be found there.
The central highlands cover a vast area, all at an altitude above 500 meters high, with numerous mountains reaching a height between 1000 and 2000 meters. Most of these higher mountains are covered by glaciers. Two of the highest mountains in the country (over 2000 m high) are located in Vatnajokull, namely Hvannadalshnjukur (2109 m, located in the southskirts of Vatnajokull) and Bardarbunga, a subglacial volcano northwest of Vatnajokull (2000 m).
Three of the largest glaciers in Iceland are located in the central highlands. These are Vatnajokull in the southeast (Europe’s largest glacier), Hofsjokull in the center of Iceland and Langjokull, west of Hofsjokull.
Various highlands paths lie between the glaciers, open for cars around June/July. One of the major ones are Kjolur, connecting South and North Iceland (the road is located between Hofsjokull and Langjokull). Sprengisandur, is another important path, connecting South and North, and located between Hofsjokull and Vatnajokull (Tungnafellsjokull, to be exact).
Kaldidalur is a highland path stretching west of Langjokull, from Thingvellir towards the Borgarfjordur district. It then continues further north as Storisandur.
Geologically, almost all the mountains south of the glaciers are tuff mountains. They were formed during the Ice Age, as well as the area north of Vatnajokull. Volcanic activity is confined to tuff areas of the country and in the south highlands are some of its most active and famous volcanoes, Hekla, Eyjafjallajokull and Katla in Myrdalsjokull (Iceland’s fourth largest glacier).
The northwest and central-north highlands consist of ancient basalt formations and it is the same for the mountains of the Eastfjords.
There are a few oases in the highlands that have unique vegetation and wildlife. The most important of these are Thjorsarver, Nyidalur/Jokuldalur, Herdubreidarlindir and Eyjabakkar. The pink-footed goose has its main nesting places at Thjorsarver and Eyjabakkar. Thjorsarver was designated as a Ramsar site in 1990. Reindeers reside in the east highlands.
Having described the landscape and wildlife, we have yet to mention one last important thing: Away from crowds, noise and bustle, the highlands offer unique silence, serenity, peace and extreme natural beauty.
Skogafoss is one of the biggest and most beautiful waterfalls of the island with an astounding width of 25 meters and a drop of 60 meters.
This is one of the most popular waterfalls in Iceland for travellers to visit. It is located in South Iceland, not far from Skogar, which itself features a highly interesting regional museum. Due to the amount of spray the waterfall often produces a single or double rainbow on sunny days.
Solheimajokull is a beautiful outlet glacier of the Myrdalsjokull icecap.
Solheimajokull is a rugged glacial tounge riddled with crevasses and spectacular ever-changing ice formations, jagged ridges and sinkholes and is popular for hiking and ice climbing.
The glacier river Jokulsa a Solheimasandur has its source at the glacier, flowing over the sand plain of Solheimasandur towards the sea.
Startzeit : 08:30
Abholung von Reykjavík ist gegen eine Gebühr möglich
Alles nötige Gletscher-Equipment
Gletscherwanderung auf dem Sólheimajökull
Einführung ins Eisklettern
Wanderschuhe, wasserdichte Hose und Jacke (kann gegen eine kleine Gebühr gemietet werden)
Warme, wetterfeste Kleidung
Wasserdichte Hose und Jacke
Verpflegung wird leider nicht gestellt, daher ist es empfehlenswert, sich ein Lunchpaket mitzubringen. Bitte sei rechtzeitig vor Beginn der Tour beim Parkplatz des Sólheimajökull-Gletschers, falls du keine Abholung gewählt hast. Wir treffen uns um 11:15 Uhr vor Ort (GPS 63°31’00.48″N, 19°22’00.12W(WGS84), 164 km entfernt von Reykjavík).