Círculo de Islandia - Tour guiado de 9 días
En este tour circular por la isla, se llega a ver el bonito y cambiante paisaje del campo islandés: montañas y valles, volcanes, glaciares, ríos, cascadas y aguas termales.
Esta excursión es ideal para aquellos que quieran experimentar la variedad de paisajes, culture e historia de Islandia de una sola vez. Podrán visitarse dos de los tres Parques Nacionales de Islandia, y hay grandes oportunidad para caminar en el bonito campo durante casi todos los días del tour.
El alojamiento es en simples y limpios hoteles alrededor del país, y todas las habitaciones cuentan con baño y utensilios privados.
- Disponible: Jun. - Sep.
- Duración: 9 días
- Actividades: Ver Ballenas, Hacer Turismo, Baño en aguas termales
- Dificultad: Fácil
- Edad mínima: 11 años
- Idiomas: English
Lo más destacado:
Akureyri, ‘The Capital of the North’ is a town in the fjord Eyjafjordur in North Iceland. It lies just 100 km away from the Arctic Circle. It is Iceland’s second-largest urban area with a population of about 17,800.
Akureyri is an important fishing centre and port, but in the last few years tourism, industry, higher education and services have become the fastest growing sectors of the economy.
An international airport is located about 3 km from the center. A large number of cruisers also stop at Akureyri. One of Iceland's best skiing sites is found by Akureyri, at Hlidarfjall.
Traditionally Akureyri has survived on fisheries and some of Iceland’s largest fishing companies, like for example Samherji, have their headquarters there. Other large companies include Brim, Nordurmjolk, and Vifilfell hf, the largest brewery in Iceland.
FSA/Akureyri Hospital is a major employer in the area and is one of two major hospitals in Iceland.
Akureyri has excellent facilities for travelers and is located a short drive from many of Iceland’s top natural, cultural and historical attractions.
Nature & Landscape
Akureyri is surrounded by mountains, the highest one being Kerling (1538 m). The area around it has rich agriculture and a beautiful mountain ring.
The innermost part of the fjord, Pollurinn ('The Pool') further lends the town a special character. The climate in Akureyri is generally very pleasant.
The islands Hrisey in the middle of Eyfjordur and Grimsey, straddling the Artic Circle, both belong to the municipality of Akureyri. Hrisey is often called 'The Pearl of Eyjafjordur' and Grimsey 'The Pearl of the Artic' and these beautiful and peaceful islands are highly popular with travelers.
History & Culture
During World War II the town was an important site for the Allies and the town grew considerably after the war, as people increasingly moved to urban areas.
Akureyri has a strong cultural scene, with several bars and renowned restaurants. Folk culture in general is more prevalent there than in Reykjavik. During the summer there are several notable festivals in Akureyri and its surroundings.
Sites of interest in Akureyri include the brand-new Hof concert hall and Akureyri’s many museums, The Nature Museum, Nonnahus, a.k.a. Jon Sveinsson Memorial Museum, for the writer, David's house or David Stefansson Memorial Museum, for the poet, Akureyri Art Museum.
Akureyri also has several churches, Akureyrarkirkja being the most notable, as well as beautiful botanical gardens. The old town is particularly charming, ideal for a nice walk.
Jökulsárlón is Iceland’s most famous glacier lagoon. Conveniently located in the southeast by Route 1, about halfway between the Skaftafell Nature Reserve and Höfn, it is a popular stop for those travelling along the South Coast or around the circular ring road of the country.
It stands out, however, due to the fact that it also fills with icebergs breaking from the glacier, some of which tower several stories high.
These icebergs, other than their scale, are notable for their colouration. Although they are, as expected, largely white, most are also dyed electric blue in part, with black streaks of ash from eruptions centuries past.
When the icebergs finally make it across the lagoon, they either drift out to sea or wash up on the nearby shore. Because of the way they glisten against the black sands of Breiðamerkursandur, this area has been nicknamed ‘the Diamond Beach’.
In spite of being a rather recent formation, Jökulsárlón is the deepest lake in the country, with depths reaching 248 metres. With a surface area of 18 square kilometres, it is also growing to be one of the largest.
Jökulsárlón has not been around since Iceland’s settlement; it only formed around 1935. This was due to rapidly rising temperatures in the country from the turn of the twentieth century; since 1920, Breiðamerkurjökull has been shrinking at a dramatic rate, and the lagoon has begun to fill its space.
Today, the expansion of Jökulsárlón is accelerating. As recently as 1975, it was just 8 square kilometres, and now that size has more than doubled.
In the relatively near future, it is expected that the lagoon will continue to grow until it becomes a large, deep fjord.
Though a dark omen for Iceland’s glaciers and ice caps in general, the retreat of Breiðamerkurjökull has resulted in an incredibly beautiful, if temporary, site. This has not been overlooked by Hollywood.
Jökulsárlón has been featured in the James Bond films A View to Kill in 1985 and Die Another Day in 2002, 2001’s Lara Croft: Tomb Raider, and 2005’s Batman Begins.
In 2017, Jökulsárlón was enveloped into the Vatnajökull National Park, thus it is now fully protected by Icelandic law.
Because of the wealth of herring and capelin that the tides bring into the lagoon, Jökulsárlón is somewhat of a hot-spot for Iceland’s wildlife.
In summer, it is a nesting site for Arctic Terns; stay well away from this area, as these birds are notorious for the fierceness with which they protect their eggs, dive-bombing the heads of any they see as a threat. Skuas also nest on the lake’s shores in this season.
Seals can be reliably spotted here throughout the year, swimming amongst or else hauling out on the icebergs. Jökulsárlón provides them with a safe haven to rest and socialise, especially considering the waters of southeast Iceland are renowned for their population of orcas.
Myvatn is a beautiful lake with many small islands in the north of Iceland, the fourth largest lake in the country. Along with its surrounding area, the lake is one of Iceland's most amazing natural attractions.
Some of the islands in Myvatn are pseudocraters, formed by steam explosions. The lake has rich birdlife and more species of ducks than anywhere else in the world. As for vegetation, it is one of the few places in the world that grows Marimo, also known as Cladophora ball, Lake ball, or Moss Balls in English, a species of filamentous green algae (Chlorophyta).
The Myvatn nature baths are also renowned throughout the world, a perfect place to relax, surrounded by breathtaking landscape.
Close to the lake is Dimmuborgir, a fascinating area of dramatic and chaotic lava. Norwegian symphonic metal band Dimmu Borgir takes its name from the the lava field, and it continues to inspire travellers from all over the world.
The Myvatn area is definitely one of the most beautiful places in Iceland. Don´t miss it!
Dimmuborgir (e. ‘Black Forts') is a large area of chaotic lava, situated right east of Lake Myvatn, in North Iceland. With its dramatic view, Dimmuborgir is one of Iceland's most popular attractions.
The area is composed of various volcanic caves and rock formations, reminiscent of an ancient collapsed citadel. In folklore the Dimmuborgir lava field has been connected with hell, Satan was to have landed there after being cast from heaven and the Norwegian symphonic black metal band derives its name from the region.
Goðafoss waterfall is located the river Skjálfandafljót in north Iceland, the fourth largest river in Iceland. It is one of the most spectacular waterfalls in Iceland, falling from a height of 12 metres over a width of 30 metres.
The fall's name means either waterfall of the gods or of the 'goði' (i.e. priest/ chieftain). It is said that when the lawspeaker Þorgeir Ljósvetningagoði declared Christianity the official religion in Iceland, after his own conversion, he threw the statues of the old Norse gods into the waterfall.
Dettifoss, in the glacier river Jokulsa á Fjollum, flowing from the glacier Vatnajokull, is reputed to be the most powerful waterfall in Europe.
This thunderous fall has an average waterflow of 193 m3 per second. It is 100 meters (330 ft.) wide and plummets 45 meters (150 ft.) down to Jokulsargljufur canyon.
Geysir is a famous hot spring in Haukadalur valley in South Iceland. Part of the ‘Golden Circle', Geysir gives its name to hot springs all over the world.
Though Geysir itself is hardly active anymore, the area features spectacular hot springs such as the powerful Strokkur, which spouts a vast amount of water every 10 minutes, around 15-20 meters into the air, Smidur and Litli-Strokkur.
North of Geysir are fumaroles, i.e. unlike the hot springs that emit hot water, only steam and gas emanate from these. You may be able to observe bright yellow stains at the fumaroles, this is native sulphur, which crystallizes from the steam. At the southern part of the geothermal area, called Thykkuhverir, you‘ll find various mud pots. Such mud pots are actually fumaroles that boil up through surface water/groundwater and may become steaming fumaroles during dry spells, rather than the usual boiling mud pots.
About 2 km from Geysir is an old preserved natural pool called Kúalaug. One can bathe in it and it has room for 3-5 people at a time, but care should be taken, as the area around the pool is very delicate. The temperature is 39-43°C, depending on how you are positioned in the pool. The water is slightly muddy, as the pool is built on soil, and the bottom is slippery due to algae, so caution is advised.
In Haukadalur there has also been tree planting in recent times and today the forest Haukadalsskógur is one of the largest in South Iceland. Aspen, various types of pine, and other plants have been tried out there and experiments and research continue. We also recommend visiting the tree museum, built in the memory of forester Gunnar Freysteinsson. There are good paths and roads in the forest and the wood is specially designed to accommodate wheelchairs.
Haukadalur has been a church site since ancient time. The current wooden church was last rebuilt in 1938 but the variety and appearance of the church dates back to 1842, making it one of the oldest of its kind in Iceland.
Haukadalur is indeed a historical place. It was settled during the age of settlement and scholar Ari “The Wise“ Thorgilsson grew up there. The first pastoral school in Iceland was also built there.
For accommodation, Hotel Gullfoss is about 7 km from the Geysir area, and closer still is the Hotel Geysir.
Thingvellir is one of the most important sites to visit in Iceland for its landscape, history and cultural value.
The Icelandic parliament was founded in Thingvellir in 930 and remained there for centuries.Thingvellir is surrounded by a beautiful mountain range and is the site of a rift valley, marking the crest of the Mid-Atlantic range. Today it is a natural park, listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO and considered a vital part of the ‘Golden triangle’ (with Geysir and Gullfoss). Of particular note is the magnificent gorge Almannagja, which marks the eastern boundary of the north American plate and into which the beautiful waterfall Oxararfoss falls.
Other notable attractions within the park include the beautiful lake Thingvallavatn, the largest lake in Iceland, the Silfra fissure, one of the world's top dives, and Gjabakkahellir, one of Iceland's most interesting lava tubes.
Hraunfossar in Borgarfjordur district is a series of beautiful waterfalls formed by rivulets streaming from a short distance out of the Hallmundarhraun lava field.
The lava field flowed from an eruption of one of the volcanoes lying under the glacier Langjokull. The waterfalls pour into the Hvita river from ledges of less porous rock in the lava. These are some of the most magnificent falls found in Iceland and not to be missed.
Deildartunguhver, by Reykholt, in Borgarfjordur district, has the highest flow rate for a hot spring in Europe.
The flow rate of Deildartunguhver is 180 liters/second and water emerges at 97 °C. The place is also unique for being the only place in the country where the hard fern grows.
Vik in Myrdalur valley is the southernmost village on the Icelandic mainland, located 186 km from the capital Reykjavik.
Vik is important as a service centre for the inhabitants and visitors of the marvellous Reynisfjara beach.
Reynisfjara is widely considered one of the most beautiful beaches on earth (see for example Islands Magazine). This black pebble beach boasts an amazing cliff of regular basalt columns called Gardar, which resembles a rocky step pyramid and out in the sea are the spectaculary shaped basalt sea stacks Reynisdrangar. The area has rich birdlife, including puffins, fulmars and guillemots.
At the Settlement Center in Borgarnes in West Iceland, you can learn about the age of settlement and about viking and poet and Egill Skallagrimsson of Egils saga fame.
At the settlement exhibition you‘ll learn about the discovery of Iceland, how the first sailors braved the North Atlantic Ocean to reach our island and about its subsequent settlement, eventually leading to the founding of what may be the oldest parliament in the world, Althingi, at Thingvellir in 930 AD.
At the Egils saga exhibition you‘ll learn about the legendary viking and poet Egill Skallagrimsson. His father, Skalla-Grimur sailed to Iceland early in the settlement age and settled in Borgarfjordur, where Egill was born and raised. The dramatic and fascinating saga of Egill's life is perhaps the most beloved of all the Icelandic sagas. If you haven‘t read Egils saga, we highly recommend that you do so!
The museum uses multimedia and theater techniques to offer the visitior a vivid experience. Audio guides are available in Icelandic, English, German, Polish, Spanish, Russian, Japanese and Norwegian. A complete exhibition circuit of each exhibition takes around 30 minutes.
Iceland has one main ring road: Route 1. This ring road goes all around the island and is 1332 km long (828 miles). The road connects the capital, Reykjavík, to the second biggest city in Iceland, Akureyri, in the north of the country. Other notable towns that are connected via the ring road are Borgarnes, Blönduós, Egilsstaðir, Höfn, Kirkjubæjarklaustur, Vík, Hella, Hvolsvöllur, Selfoss and Hveragerði.
A number of popular tourist attractions are also found by the ring road, such as Jökulsárlón glacier lagoon, Lake Mývatn and the waterfalls Seljalandsfoss, Skógafoss and Goðafoss.
The ring road consists mainly of paved two lanes road (one each direction). Some parts of the ring road are still unpaved however. In various places the road contains single lane bridges, especially in the east part of the country. The speed limit is 90km per hour on the paved section of the road (lower when it passes through towns), but 80km per hour on gravel.
The road was only completed in 1974, with the opening of Iceland's longest bridge, that crosses Skeiðará river in southeast Iceland. In 1998 a tunnel below the fjord Hvalfjörður shortened the drive around Iceland by about one hour (or 45km along a winding fjord). Hvalfjörður tunnels are the biggest tunnels in Iceland, 5,8 km and 165m below sea level. The ring road has another tunnel called Almannaskarð in the southeast by Höfn and by 2017 the Vaðlaheiðar tunnels should be open in north Iceland, shortening the distance between Akureyri and Mývatn.
Some sections of the ring road are original 1940's country roads, and a number of sharp curves, blind curves, blind summits as well as single lane bridges mean that people need to drive cautiously. In wintertime most of the ring road is kept open, with the exception of a short passage in the east part of the country that may be closed due to heavy snow (a detour is needed to travel from the north to the east during wintertime).
Guide to Iceland would advise people to drive cautiously on the ring road both in summer and wintertime, but also to explore other roads leading from it to multiple attractions.
Hora de partida : 09:00 Flexible,
Foss Hotel Reykjavík
8 noches de alojamiento en habitaciones con baño, incluye ducha
7 días de tour con un guía de habla inglesa
Llegada y partida al aeropuerto mediante autobús (sin guía)
8 desayunos y 6 cenas de tres platos cada una
Visita a dos Parques Nacionales
Tour de Avistamiento de Ballenas (si el tiempo lo permite)
Viaje en barco por la Laguna Glaciar
Introducción al caballo islandés
Entrada a los Baños Naturales del Lago Mývatn
Admisión al centro de asentamiento de Islandia
Entrada al popular museo de Skógar
Media de una o dos horas de fácil caminata por día
Entrada a lugares de interés natural (si se aplica)
Las cenas de las noches en Reykjavík no están incluidas
Ropa a prueba de viento y agua
Ropa abrigada de acuerdo al clima de Islandia
Zapatos cómodos para hacer senderismo
Buenos zapatos para evitar que los pies se mojen en caso de lluvia
Ropa de lluvia
Ropa para cubrir la cabeza del frío
A tener en cuenta:
OPCIONALES ASIENTOS VIP: Suplemento para garantizar el asiento de la ventana en los viajes en autobús que incluye, además del asiento en ventana, el sitio de al lado libre, por lo que el pasajero obtendría en realidad dos asientos. También contará con una almohada y una manta para una mejor comodidad. Los asientos se reservarán en las primeras filas del autobús. El primero que llega es el primero que lo tiene.
Día 1 - Sábado: Bienvenida a Islandia (50 kilómetros)
Llegada a Reykjavík. El "Flybus" (autobús) te trae desde el Aeropuerto Internacional de Keflavík hasta Reykjavík, donde te quedas la primera noche en Islandia. Te proporcionaremos ideas de qué ver en la capital del país por tí mismo.
Día 2 - Domingo: Tierra de Sagas (170 kilómetros)
Recogida desde Foss Hotel en Reykjavík a las 09:00 de la mañana. Después de un tour por la ciudad de Reykjavík, se emprende viaje hacia el norte hasta llegar al Oeste de Islandia, donde veremos las Sagas Islandesas en un establecimiento situado en Borgarnes.
La tarde consistirá en impresionantes puntos de aguas termales naturales: Deildartunguhver, uno de los puntos de agua termal más voluminosos en Europa; y Hraunfossar, la única cascada que cae desde campos de lava hasta el río Hvítá. El día terminara con historia de Islandia en el centro cultural de Reykholt. La noche se pasará en el Oeste del país.
Día 3 - Lunes: Desde el Oeste hasta el Norte (445 kilómetros)
El día empieza con una escalada por un cráter volcánico en un antiguo campo de lava en el Oeste del país. Después, viajaremos a través de unas tierras de cultivo y de paisajes de fiordos del noroeste de Islandia, y visitaremos la bonita ciudad de Akureyri, situada en el norte del país y siendo ésta la segunda ciudad más grande de la isla.
Nos detendremos en Goðafoss, apodada como la cascada de los dioses, antes de llegar a nuestro alojamiento en el noreste de Islandia, donde nos hospedaremos las dos siguientes noches.
Día 4 - Martes: Avistamiento de ballenas, maravillas geológicas y baños naturales (150 kilómetros)
El día comienza con un tour de tres horas para avistar ballenas en la ciudad de Húsavík, si el tiempo lo permite. Recorreremos la zona del Lago Mývatn, considerada como una de las áreas más fértiles del mundo cerca del Círculo Polar Ártico. Las características únicas del lago son posibles gracias a la naturaleza, debido a sus extrañas formaciones de lava, cráteres y atractivas bahías llenas de aves.
Daremos, además, un paseo a través del campo de lava de Dimmuborgir y podremos disfrutar de un relajante baño en los Baños Naturales de Mývatn.
Día 5 - Miércoles: Desde el norte hasta el Este (330 kilómetros)
Empezamos el día explorando el área geotermal de Námaskarð y viendo los impactos de la actividad volcánica en Krafla. Después viajaremos a Dettifoss, la cascada más poderosa de Europa, situada en la parte norte del Parque Nacional de Vatnajökull. Desde aquí nos dirigiremos a través de las tierras altas hasta el Este de Islandia, donde pasaremos la noche.
Día 6 - Jueves: Fiordos, hielo y glaciares (420 kilómetros)
Este es un día para admirar el paisaje de los fiordos y sus pequeños pueblos pesqueros al terminar las largas carreteras con curvas que rodean los Fiordos del Este. Veremos también Vatnajökull, el glaciar más grande de Europa, el cual es visible durante todo el sudeste de Islandia. Pasada la ciudad de Höfn, nos detendremos para realizar un viaje en barco entre los icebergs que flotan en la laguna glaciar de Jökulsárlón. Pasaremos la noche cerca de Skaftafell, en la parte sur del Parque Nacional de Vatnajökull.
Día 7 - Viernes: Parque Nacional Vatnajökull y el Sur (340 kilómetros)
Visitaremos Skaftafell en el Parque Nacional de Vatnajökull, ubicado debajo del glaciar y de la montaña más alta de Islandia, Hvannadalshnjúkur, con 2.110 metros de altitud. Cruzaremos el desierto de arena de la costa sur y viajaremos a lo largo de acantilados de montañas, glaciares y cascadas. Además daremos un paseo por la playa de lava negra y los acantilados llenos de aves cerca de la localidad de Vík. El pasado de Islandia vuelve a la vida en el popular museo de Skógar, famoso por sus casas de césped por encima. Pasaremos la noche en el Sur de Islandia.
Día 8 - Sábado: Círculo Dorado hasta llegar a Reykjavík (210 kilómetros)
Hoy es un día de ver clásicos, comenzando con un espectáculo de caballos que presenta las únicas cualidades de la especial raza islandesa. Los lugares que componen el Círculo Dorado son los siguientes que visitaremos: Gullfoss, la hermosa cascada de "caída de oro"; la activa zona geotérmica de Geysir, donde podremos ver Strokkur, un caño que puede alcanzar los 25 metros (70 pies) de altura, cada cinco o siete minutos. Una visita a la antigua zona del Parlamento Vikingo del Parque Nacional de Þingvellir es incluida antes de volver a Reykjavík.
Día 9 - Domingo: Regreso a casa (50 kilómetros)
El "Flybus" (autobús) te recogerá en tu hotel y te llevará de vuelva al Aeropuerto Internacional de Keflavík.