3 dni - Jokulsarlon, Golden Circle, południowe wybrzeże, rejs po zatoce, lodowiec
Dołącz do tej trzydniowej wycieczki, w trakcie której będziesz eksplorować południowe wybrzeże, Golden Circle, obłędne lodowce, pola lawowe, wulkany, potężne rzeki, magiczne wodospady i przepiękną lagunę lodowcową Jokulsarlon.
Klasyczna wycieczka po Golden Circle zawiera park narodowy Thingvellir, gejzery oraz wodospad Gullfoss. Dodatkowo zabierzemy Cię do krateru Kerid. W trakcie tych 3 dni odwiedzisz magiczne wodospady, czarną plażę Reynisfjara, malowniczą lagunę Jökulsárlón, po której pływają góry lodowe i gdzie spotkać można również wypoczywające na brzegu foki.
Punktem kulminacyjnym jest rejs łodzią po Jökulsárlón, naprzeciwko największego lodowca w Europie, który jest położony w parku narodowym oraz wędrówka po błękitnym lodzie lodowca Solheimajokull. Nasi przewodnicy są profesjonalistami, którzy zapewnią Ci cały niezbędny sprzęt na lodowcu i nauczą jak się nim posługiwać.
Widoki rozpościerające się z lodowca są niezwykłe, a wędrując po nim zobaczysz także lodowe formacje i głębokie szczeliny. Jeżeli chcesz być świadkiem tych niesamowitych naturalnych zjawisk, z których słynie Islandia, zarezerwuj swoje miejsce już teraz. Niestety dostępność tej wycieczki jest mocno limitowana.
- Dostępna: Maj. - Paź.
- Czas trwania: 3 dni
- Aktywności: Wędrówka po lodowcu, Zwiedzanie, Wycieczka łodzią
- Poziom trudności: Łatwy
- Minimalny wiek: 10 lat
- Języki: English
Jökulsárlón is Iceland’s most famous glacier lagoon. Conveniently located in the southeast by Route 1, about halfway between the Skaftafell Nature Reserve and Höfn, it is a popular stop for those travelling along the South Coast or around the circular ring road of the country.
It stands out, however, due to the fact that it also fills with icebergs breaking from the glacier, some of which tower several stories high.
These icebergs, other than their scale, are notable for their colouration. Although they are, as expected, largely white, most are also dyed electric blue in part, with black streaks of ash from eruptions centuries past.
When the icebergs finally make it across the lagoon, they either drift out to sea or wash up on the nearby shore. Because of the way they glisten against the black sands of Breiðamerkursandur, this area has been nicknamed ‘the Diamond Beach’.
In spite of being a rather recent formation, Jökulsárlón is the deepest lake in the country, with depths reaching 248 metres. With a surface area of 18 square kilometres, it is also growing to be one of the largest.
Jökulsárlón has not been around since Iceland’s settlement; it only formed around 1935. This was due to rapidly rising temperatures in the country from the turn of the twentieth century; since 1920, Breiðamerkurjökull has been shrinking at a dramatic rate, and the lagoon has begun to fill its space.
Today, the expansion of Jökulsárlón is accelerating. As recently as 1975, it was just 8 square kilometres, and now that size has more than doubled.
In the relatively near future, it is expected that the lagoon will continue to grow until it becomes a large, deep fjord.
Though a dark omen for Iceland’s glaciers and ice caps in general, the retreat of Breiðamerkurjökull has resulted in an incredibly beautiful, if temporary, site. This has not been overlooked by Hollywood.
Jökulsárlón has been featured in the James Bond films A View to Kill in 1985 and Die Another Day in 2002, 2001’s Lara Croft: Tomb Raider, and 2005’s Batman Begins.
In 2017, Jökulsárlón was enveloped into the Vatnajökull National Park, thus it is now fully protected by Icelandic law.
Because of the wealth of herring and capelin that the tides bring into the lagoon, Jökulsárlón is somewhat of a hot-spot for Iceland’s wildlife.
In summer, it is a nesting site for Arctic Terns; stay well away from this area, as these birds are notorious for the fierceness with which they protect their eggs, dive-bombing the heads of any they see as a threat. Skuas also nest on the lake’s shores in this season.
Seals can be reliably spotted here throughout the year, swimming amongst or else hauling out on the icebergs. Jökulsárlón provides them with a safe haven to rest and socialise, especially considering the waters of southeast Iceland are renowned for their population of orcas.
Vatnajökull is the largest ice cap in Iceland and the third largest glacier in Europe, covering 8% of the island's landmass. Vatnajökull Glacier can be found in the south west of Iceland and is a popular spot for glacier hiking and ice caving tours.
Facts about Vatnajökull
- Surface: 8,100 km2
- Average thickness: 400 - 600 m
- Maximum thickness: 1,000 m
- Height: 1,400 - 1,800 m
- Highest peak: 2,200 m (Hvannadalshnjúkur)
Information about Vatnajökull
Vatnajökull Glacier belongs to the greater Vatnajökull National Park, which encompasses the former national parks Skaftafell, in the southwest, and Jökulsárgljúfur, in the north. Vatnajökull's highest summit is Hvannadalshnjúkur which rests on top of a stratovolcano known as Öræfajökull.
Underneath the glacier rests some of the most active volcanoes in the country, the most notable being Grímsvötn, Öræfajökull and Bárðabunga. Volcanic activity in the region has occurred on and off throughout the centuries, and many geologists believe that such a period is overdue for immediate future. If their calculations are correct, it would mean significant volcanic activity for Vatnajökull over the scope of the next half century.
The glacier boasts of over 30 outlet glaciers, which are channels of ice that flow out of ice caps but remain constrained on the sides of the valley. The major outlet glaciers of Vatnajökull include Dyngjujökull in the north, Breiðamerkurjökull and Skeiðarárjökull to the south. To the west, one can find the outlet glaciers Síðujökull, Skaftárjökull and Tungnaárjökull.
Glaciers are in constant motion underneath their weight; as they form over the centuries, the accession of snow exceeds its melting, creating a constant "push" on the ice cap. Each year, due to the melting ice water, new ice caves form that disappear come spring.
- Click here for a selection of Ice Cave tours
Numerous rivers run out of Vatnajökull, making up some of the greatest glacial rivers in Iceland:
- Tungnaá (west)
- Köldukvísl (west)
- Þjórsá (west)
- Jökulsá á Fjöllum (north)
- Skjálfandafljót (north)
- Jökulsá á Brú (north east)
- Jökulsá í Fljótsdal (north east)
- Jökulsá í Lóni (south)
- Hornafjarðarfljót (south)
- Jökulsá á Breiðamerkursandi (south)
- Skeiðará (south)
- Núpsvötn (south)
- Hverfisfljót (south)
- Skaftá (south)
Vatnajökull National Park
Vatnajökull National Park, in its current state, was established in June 2008. The park now covers an area of 14.141 km2, making it the second largest national park in Europe. Vatnajökull National Park has 14% coverage over the whole island of Iceland.
Rivers divide the highland plateau to the north of the park; an area that sees massive glacial flows in the summertime. The volcanic table mountain Herðubreið towers over this particular region, along with volcanoes Askja, Snæfell and Kverkfjöll.
The canyon Jökulsárgljúfur was carved out by glacial floods centuries ago. At the upper end of the canyon, you'll find Dettifoss, the most powerful waterfall in Europe. Further north, the horseshoe-shaped canyon Ásbyrgi is believed to have formed when Óðinn's horse, Sleipnir, stepped his foot down from the heavens.
East around Snæfell, one can find wetlands and ranges, home to roaming herds of wild reindeer and abundant birdlife. Steep mountain ridges make up the south side of Vatnajökull, where outlet glaciers crawl in between the ridges onto the lowlands. The sandy plains of Skeiðarársandur also lie to the south as they reach out to sea. The glacial river Skeiðará runs through this vast desert.
One of Iceland's most visited landmarks is the Jökulsárlón glacier lagoon, which sits at the head of outlet glacier Breiðamerkurjökull. There, large icebergs that have broken off the glacier gather to float in the lake before ending up in the Atlantic Ocean, or on the nearby Diamond Beach.
- Click here for a selection of Jökulsárlón tours
The Future of Vatnajökull
The volume of Vatnajökull reached its peak around 1930 but has since been in a steady process of decline. Because of rising levels of global temperature, approximately over the last 15 years, Vatnajökull has on average lost about a metre of its thickness annually.
If temperature levels continue to rise, the glacier could be all but gone nearing the end of the next century, leaving only small ice caps on top of the highest mountain summits.
Vatnajökull and Jökulsárlón in Popular Culture
- HBO's Game of Thrones (season 2, 2012)
- Batman Begins (2005)
- James Bond: Die Another Day (2002)
- James Bond: A View to a Kill (1985)
Skógafoss is one of the country’s biggest and most beautiful waterfalls with an astounding width of 25 meters and a drop of 60 meters. Due to the amount of spray the cascade produces, a rainbow is present any time the sun emerges from behind the clouds.
Located on the Skógá river, this mighty cascade is clearly visible from Route 1 and is an excellent place to stop and stretch the legs while travelling Iceland’s South Coast. The river below Skógafoss holds a large char and salmon population and is thus a favourite spot for fishermen in the summer.
The land underneath the waterfall is very flat, allowing visitors to walk right up to the wall of water; keep in mind, however, that this will get you drenched. Skógafoss can also be viewed from the top as a steep staircase leads to an observational platform above the cascade.
Skógafoss is located near the small village of Skógar, south of the Eyjafjallajökull glacier volcano. There you’ll find the Skógasafn folk museum, an open-air museum with both old wooden houses and turf houses, as well as a regional museum with various artefacts from this area.
A part of the Skógasafn Regional Museum is the Museum of Transportation, which showcases the history and evolution of transportation, communication and technologies in Iceland. There, you can see how this nation evolved from the age of the working horse to the digital communications of the 21. Century.
The Skógasafn museum also includes a café and a museum shop, and in the village of Skógar, you will find both a hotel and a restaurant.
At the eastern side of Skógafoss, you will find one of Iceland’s most famed hiking routes; the Fimmvörðuháls pass. The 22 km trail leads you along Skógá river, between two glaciers, Mýrdalsjökull and Eyjafjallajökull, before ending in the beautiful Þórsmörk valley.
A gold ring is on display at the Skógasafn museum. According to legend, the ring is from a chest that was owned by Þrasi Þórólfsson, one of the first Viking settlers in the area. Folklore states that before his death in 900 AD, Þrasi buried a chest filled with gold in a cave behind Skógafoss waterfall.
Many attempts were made to retrieve the chest after Þrasi’s death, and years later, locals managed to grasp a ring on the side of the chest. As they pulled, the ring broke off, and the treasure was lost forever. The ring was then given to the local church before it made its way to the museum.
Seljalandsfoss in the river Seljalandsa in South Iceland is one of the most sought waterfalls in the country.
Seljalandsfoss has a narrow cascade but is one of Iceland's highest waterfalls, at 63 meters. The waterfall is highly picturesque and has the rare distinction that one can actually walk behind it.
Geysir is a famous hot spring in Haukadalur valley in South Iceland. Part of the ‘Golden Circle', Geysir gives its name to hot springs all over the world.
Though Geysir itself is hardly active anymore, the area features spectacular hot springs such as the powerful Strokkur, which spouts a vast amount of water every 10 minutes, around 15-20 meters into the air, Smidur and Litli-Strokkur.
North of Geysir are fumaroles, i.e. unlike the hot springs that emit hot water, only steam and gas emanate from these. You may be able to observe bright yellow stains at the fumaroles, this is native sulphur, which crystallizes from the steam. At the southern part of the geothermal area, called Thykkuhverir, you‘ll find various mud pots. Such mud pots are actually fumaroles that boil up through surface water/groundwater and may become steaming fumaroles during dry spells, rather than the usual boiling mud pots.
About 2 km from Geysir is an old preserved natural pool called Kúalaug. One can bathe in it and it has room for 3-5 people at a time, but care should be taken, as the area around the pool is very delicate. The temperature is 39-43°C, depending on how you are positioned in the pool. The water is slightly muddy, as the pool is built on soil, and the bottom is slippery due to algae, so caution is advised.
In Haukadalur there has also been tree planting in recent times and today the forest Haukadalsskógur is one of the largest in South Iceland. Aspen, various types of pine, and other plants have been tried out there and experiments and research continue. We also recommend visiting the tree museum, built in the memory of forester Gunnar Freysteinsson. There are good paths and roads in the forest and the wood is specially designed to accommodate wheelchairs.
Haukadalur has been a church site since ancient time. The current wooden church was last rebuilt in 1938 but the variety and appearance of the church dates back to 1842, making it one of the oldest of its kind in Iceland.
Haukadalur is indeed a historical place. It was settled during the age of settlement and scholar Ari “The Wise“ Thorgilsson grew up there. The first pastoral school in Iceland was also built there.
For accommodation, Hotel Gullfoss is about 7 km from the Geysir area, and closer still is the Hotel Geysir.
Skaftafell is a nature preserve in Oraefasveit. It used to be a national park of its own but joined the larger Vatnajokull National Park in 2008.
Skaftafell is notable for its rich flora, growing between sands and glaciers, and overall for its amazing and contrasting scenery. You can take short and easy trails to the waterfalls Svartifoss and Hundafoss, as well as Skaftafell glacier, with the mountain Kristinartindar and Morsardalur valley further off.
Skaftafell is also the perfect base camp for those seeking to climb Iceland’s highest peak, Hvannadalshnukur.
Vik in Myrdalur valley is the southernmost village on the Icelandic mainland, located 186 km from the capital Reykjavik.
Vik is important as a service centre for the inhabitants and visitors of the marvellous Reynisfjara beach.
Reynisfjara is widely considered one of the most beautiful beaches on earth (see for example Islands Magazine). This black pebble beach boasts an amazing cliff of regular basalt columns called Gardar, which resembles a rocky step pyramid and out in the sea are the spectaculary shaped basalt sea stacks Reynisdrangar. The area has rich birdlife, including puffins, fulmars and guillemots.
Kerið is a volcanic crater lake in Grímsnes in south Iceland. It is a popular stop when traveling the Golden Circle.
It is believed that Kerið was originally a cone volcano that erupted and and emptied its magma reserve. Once the magma was depleted, the weight of the cone collapsed into an empty magma chamber, later to be filled with water.
The Kerið caldera is composed of red volcanic rock and is around 55 m deep, 170 m wide and 270 m across. There is little vegetation in the steep-walled crater, save for one wall with a gentler slope which is covered with deep moss. This wall is fairly easy to descend.
The lake itself is fairly shallow and is striking in its beauty. Opaque and aquamarine, surrounded by the red crater walls, Kerið offers a great contrast of colours and a highly impressive scenery.
The acoustics of the crater are considered to be fairly good, and a number of concerts have been held inside Kerið. There is a small admission fee to visit Kerið, 400 ISK per person (as of 2017).
Reynisdrangar are rock formations situated near the shore of Reynisfjara beach by the coastal village Vík í Mýrdalur on the South Coast of Iceland.
The formations are large and impending sea cliffs, made up of the rock type basalt, that serve as a vital part of the area’s allure as they shoot dramatically out of the ocean under the looming cliffs of Mt. Reynisfjall.
- Visit Reynisfjara and Reynisdrangar on these South Coast Tours
The village of Vík only houses around 300 permanent inhabitants, but on a daily basis, travellers scouting the South Coast make their way there to visit what has been voted as one of the most beautiful non-tropical beaches in the world. The beach of Reynisfjara, however, can be highly dangerous if proper caution is not taken. As is evident from how the waves of the Atlantic Ocean crash upon Reynisdrangar, the currents here are strong, and sneak waves can easily carry anyone that’s standing too close out to sea. The beach is not for wading, but for admiring, and especially the mighty surf bursting on the base of these rocky cliffs.
There is an Icelandic folk tale that explains the origin of the pillars’ eerie appearance. According to legend, a couple of trolls were busy dragging a stranded three-masted ship to shore when the sunlight hit them and turned them into pillars of rock for all eternity. In fact, numerous rock formations in Iceland carry with them tales of trolls or elves, and one has only to look at them to fathom why.
Surroundings & Wildlife
An alternative view of the bewitching cliffs and their surrounding sea can be enjoyed by venturing up Mt. Reynisfjall, by a road to the west of the village. The mountain furthermore functions as a puffin colony every summer, from April to September, meaning guests can enjoy the view in good company. Other birds can be seen gliding around the cliffs such as Arctic terns, fulmars and seagulls.
- See also: Puffin Watching Tours
Start : 08:30
Profesjonalny przewodnik mówiący po angielsku
Wycieczka minibusem - maksymalnie 15 osób
Wędrówka po lodowcu z całym niezbędnym sprzętem
Zakwaterowanie na dwie noce ze śniadaniem w przytulnym guesthousie w podwójnych pokojach ze wspólną łazienką
Rejs łodzią po zatoce lodowcowej
Darmowe Wi-Fi w busie
Wejście do Kerid Volcanic Crater
Lunch i obiad
Ciepłe ubranie odporne na wiatr i deszcz
Porządne górskie buty są niezbędne w trakcie wędrówki po lodowcu. Jeżeli takowych nie posiadasz, możesz je u nas wynająć.
Posiłki, poza śniadaniami, nie są uwzględnione w pakiecie, ale będziemy się zatrzymywać po drodze w miejscach, gdzie podróżni mogą kupić coś do jedzenia.
Maksymalna liczba pasażerów wynosi 15 osób dzięki czemu nasze wycieczki są kameralne i pozwalają na zbudowanie rewelacyjnej atmosfery. Dodatek do pojedynczego pokoju, wymagany kiedy podróżujesz samotnie, wynosi 15.000 ISK. WAŻNE: Może się zdarzyć, że wycieczka na lodowiec zostanie odwołana z powodów bezpieczeństwa. W takim wypadku znajdziemy inną aktywność lub częściowo zwrócimy pieniądze.
Dzień 1 - Klasyczna wycieczka do Golden Circle i krateru Kerid
Golden Circle jest najpopularniejszą destynacją na Islandii. Gejzery, wodospad Gullfoss i Thingvellir to miejsca, które musisz zobaczyć. Dodatkowo chcieliśmy zaproponować Ci coś ekstra - zobaczysz ogromny wulkaniczny krater nazwany Kerid. Krater ma 270 metrów szerokości i ponad 55 metrów głębokości. Na jego dnie znajduje się jezioro, co dodaje temu miejscu nieco magii. Samo jezioro ma prawie 14 metrów głębokości. Park narodowy Thingvellir jest bardzo ważnym miejscem dla Islandczyków. Leży na styku dwóch płyt tektonicznych, dzięki czemu możesz jedną nogą stać w Ameryce, a drugą w Europie.
Geysir - największym z nich, który leży w regionie Haukadalur jest Strokkur i sam Geysir, od którego pozostałe wzięły nazwy. Strokkur wybucha co 5-10 minut i wyrzuca z siebie kolumnę wody w powietrze, na wysokość 20-30 metrów.
Gullfoss jest jednym z najpiękniejszych wodospadów na Islandii.
Zatrzymamy się w przytulnym guesthousie niedaleko wodospadu Seljalandsfoss.
Dzień 2 - Południowe wybrzeże, wodospady i wędrówka po lodowcu
Rozpoczniemy od wizyty dwóch wodospadów na południowym wybrzeżu - Seljalandsfoss i Skógafoss oraz tych mniej znanych jak Glufrabui, Kvernufoss i Irafoss. Zatrzymamy się w miejscu, gdzie można kupić lunch.
Kontynuując podróż udamy się pod wulkan Eyjafjallajökull oraz do lodowca Mýrdalsjökull, skąd zaczniemy naszą wędrówkę zajmującą około 1,5 godziny i pozwalającą na to, abyś lepiej się przyjrzał lodowcowi Solheimajokull
Nieco dalej znajduje się malownicza plaża Reynisfjara, gdzie morze rozbija się na czarnym piasku, bazaltowych kolumnach i okolicznych skałach. Zatrzymamy się na noc w Nicehostel Seljalands - przytulnym miejscu niedaleko słynnego Seljalandsfoss.
Dzień 3 - Niesamowita laguna Jokulsarlon i park narodowy Skaftafell
Dzisiaj przyjrzysz się majestatycznym lodowcom. Po tym jak zatrzymamy się w wiosce Vik, pojedziemy na wschód żeby zobaczyć wodospad Foss á Sidu i park narodowy Skaftafell, gdzie zatrzymamy się aby kupić lunch.
Następnie pojedziemy do niezwykłej lodowcowej laguny Jökulsárlón, gdzie popłyniesz w rejs pomiędzy górami lodowymi, które odrywają się od lodowca Breiðamerkurjökull i powoli szukają ujścia do oceanu. Niektóre kawały lodu leżą na czarnym piasku plaży i wyglądają jak krystaliczne diamenty. Czasami można tam również spotkać bawiące się na brzegu foki.
Po tych wszystkich niesamowitych doświadczeniach i miejscach, udamy się w drogę powrotną do Reykjaviku, do którego dotrzemy około 21:00.