ข้อมูลเกี่ยวกับ ธิงวาลลาวาท์น

Thingvellirvatn as seen in winter from Thingvellir National Park.

Þingvallavatn (anglicised to Thingvallavatn, ‘the Lake of the Fields of Parliament’) is a rift valley lake located roughly forty-minutes drive from Iceland’s capital city, Reykjavík.

Features of Thingvallavatn

Þingvallavatn is partially within the boundaries of Þingvellir National Park, Iceland’s oldest National Park and only one with UNESCO World Heritage Site status.

Covering an area of 84 square kilometres (32 square miles), Þingvallavatn is the largest natural lake in Iceland with its greatest depth measuring at 114 metres (374 feet). Þingvallavatn is situated on the Mid-Atlantic Rift, on a part of the ridge known as the Reykjanes Ridge.

The lake has only one outflow, the river Sog.

Of particular note to biologists and fishermen are the four morphs of Arctic Char that inhabit the lake. The lake’s char are an excellent example of species evolving to fit and adapt to a secluded environment; over ten thousand years, one species of Char has transformed into four different-sub branches. Other fish in the lake include the the Brown Trout and the Three-Spine Stickleback.

History and Geology

Þingvallavatn takes its name from the historical founding of the Alþingi, which occurred in 930 AD at what is now known as Þingvellir National Park. Þingvellir literally translates to ‘Fields of Parliament’.

The Alþingi was the first democratically elected representative parliament in world history (examples such as Ancient Athens were direct, not representative, democracies); Icelanders used to travel by foot or horseback simply to congregate at Þingvellir where they would hear the latest laws and judgements of the island.

Þingvellir National Park is also notable for its geology. Given its position on the Mid Atlantic Ridge, the park is one of the only places on the planet where visitors can see both the North American and Eurasian tectonic plates standing exposed from the earth.

Footpaths allow you to get up close and personal to the plates, standing right where the ancient settlers once did. In between the tectonic plates lies fields of dried volcanic rock, blanketed with a thick, yet fragile layer of Icelandic moss.

Scuba Diving in Thingvallavatn

Scuba diving around Þingvallavatn revolves around two sites, Silfra Fissure and Davíðsgjá (David’s Crack), the former being one of the most popular spots on the planet for snorkelling and underwater exploration.

Silfra Fissure is situated between the North American and Eurasian tectonic plates and is filled with crystal-clear glacial water originating from the Langjökull ice cap. The water measures at between two degrees Celsius all year round, with a slight current preventing the fissure from ever freezing over.

Davíðsgjá is found within Þingvallavatn and is often considered the darker and more dramatic cousin of Silfra Fissure, resembling the gorge formation so prevalent across the Mid Atlantic Rift.

Only certain tour operators provide tours into Davíðsgjá, so make sure to do some research beforehand if you are looking to access this dive site during your time in Iceland.

 

บริการใกล้ ธิงวาลลาวาท์น

บริการทั้งหมด ใน 50km รัศมี

สถานที่ท่องเที่ยวใกล้ๆ ธิงวาลลาวาท์น

วงแหวนทองคำ

The Golden Circle is a 300 kilometre (186 mile) route to the three most popular natural attractions in Iceland: the Geysir Geothermal Area, Gullfoss...

ดู

ธิงเวลลิร์

Þingvellir National Park is the only UNESCO World Heritage site on the Icelandic mainland and one of the three stops on the world famous Golden Circ...

ดู

เกาย์ปาคคาแฮลลิร์

Gjabakkahellir (a.k.a. Helguhellir or Stelpuhellir ('Girl cave')) is a  lava tube, located in the area of Thingvellir National Park. Gjabakka...

ดู

ฮราฟนาเกาย์

  Hrafnagja is a 7.7 meter long canyon, 68 meters at its widest, located at Thingvellir National Park in South Iceland. The Hrafnagja canyon marks t...

ดู

อาลมันนาเกาย์

Almannagjá is a gorge within Þingvellir National Park, which marks the edge of the North American tectonic plate. It is possible to hike through and...

ดู

เออซาเอาฟอสส์

Öxarárfoss is a waterfall situated within Þingvellir National Park in southwest Iceland.  The waterfall flows out the river Öxará, cascading in two...

ดู

เฮนกิลล์

Hengill is an enormous mountain in south-west Iceland, covering an area of about 100 square kilometres. It is a vital source of energy for south Ice...

ดู

แนสยาวาลลาวิร์กยุน

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Gretar Ivarsson. Nesjavallavirkjun is a geothermal power station in southwestern Iceland, operated by O...

ดู

แนสยาแวลลิร์

Nesjavellir is a geothermal area in southwest Iceland. It is most famous for being home to the Nesjavellir geothermal power station, the second la...

ดู

ลิงตาล์สเฮดิ

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Christian Bickel. Lyngdalsheiði is a heathland in South Iceland, known for its numerous caves.  Locate...

ดู

โธรุฟอสส์

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Anna Jonna Ármannsdóttir. Þórufoss is an 18 m (62 ft) high waterfall found east of Lake Þingvallavatn....

ดู

เฮงลาดาลส์เอา

Hengladalsa is a river in Southwest Iceland.  The river has its source by the Hengill area, from valleys Innstidalur, Middalur and Fremstidalur, coll...

ดู

เรคยาตาลูร์

Reykjadalur, the Valley of Steam, is a beautiful geothermal region close to the southern town Hveragerði. It is a popular place for hiking and hot s...

ดู

Helgufoss

Helgufoss is a waterfall near the capital of Iceland, located in Mosfellsdalur valley.  Those who rent a car can reach the hike to it in less than ha...

ดู

Helgufoss

Helgufoss is a waterfall near the capital of Iceland, located in Mosfellsdalur valley.  Those who rent a car can reach the hike to it in less than...

ดู

โมสคาร์ดฮนูคาร์

Móskarðshnjúkar is a mountain and popular hiking route, situated in the south-west corner of Iceland next to Mt. Esja.  The mountain can be seen from...

ดู

เลยการ์วาท์น

Photo from Golden Circle with Northern Lights, Fontana Spa & Traditional Cuisine Laugarvatn is a hamlet of around 200 people, by the lake of the same...

ดู

Fontana Spa

The Fontana Spa is a geothermally heated spa in south-west Iceland, close to the sites of the Golden Circle. Those who rent a car can easily visit...

ดู

เคริด

Kerið is a volcanic crater lake in the Grímsnes area of South Iceland. It is close to the three major sites that comprise Iceland’s world-famous Gol...

ดู

กลยูฟราสเตนน์

“Whoever doesn't live in poetry cannot survive here on earth.” These are the words of the late Halldór Kiljan Laxness, a 1955 Nobel Prize for Lite...

ดู