Informacje na temat Reykjanes

An abandoned farm house on the Reykjanes Peninsula

Reykjanes is a peninsula in south-west Iceland, characterised by immense lava fields, volcanoes and heightened geothermal activity.

  Volcanic & Geothermal Activity

The Reykjanes Peninsula runs along the Mid-Atlantic Rift, where the Eurasian and the North American tectonic plates are drifting apart. Due to this geological setting, the whole peninsula is extremely volcanically active, covered with lava fields, and eruptions and earthquakes are very common here. 

During the Middle Ages, many eruptions occurred in Reykjanes, but no eruptions have been recorded here for the last 500 years. This is simply a period of dormancy, however; they could start again at any time.

Earthquakes are still common. In 2001, one occurred beneath the lake Kleifarvatn and drained it to the extent that it lost 25 per cent of its surface area. Since then, hot springs have been bubbling beneath its surface.

The main geothermal areas of Reykjanes, however, are Gunnuhver, Krýsuvik and Svartsengi. Various mud pools and fumaroles can be seen at Gunnuhver, while Krýsuvik is characterised by hot springs and mud pots that bestow multicoloured hues upon the soil.

The green crater lake Grænavatn is also an impressive sight.

Svartsengi is home to a geothermal power station that produces 76.5 MW of electricity from the 475 litres of 90° C water that gushes from the earth per second.

The mineral-rich surplus water fills up the Blue Lagoon spa.

  Nature & Wildlife

Reykjanes' cliffs are teeming with birdlife. Its best-known bird colony resides in Krýsuvikurbjarg which is the nesting place of approximately eighty thousand seabirds. While puffins are not found here, it is an excellent place to spot cormorants, fulmar, and other such species.

North of Krýsuvíkurbjarg is the aforementioned Kleifarvatn, the largest lake on the peninsula and one of the deepest in Iceland. On the centre of the peninsula is lake Djúpavatn, a popular fishing destination. 

Reykjanes is hammered by some of the most breath-taking breaker waves in the world. A short drive from Krýsuvík is Selvogur, where one can witness mighty waves shattering against the rocks. On Reykjanestá, the southwest tip of the peninsula, the waves are known to reach heights of thirty metres (nearly one hundred feet).

Because of this, coastal erosion is constantly ongoing at Reykjanes, and if it were not for the eruptions, it would either be much narrower or simply lost to the seas.

The peninsula's north side is dotted with fishing villages and towns, most notably Keflavík, Sandgerði, Garður and Vogar. Grindavík town is located on the south shore of the peninsula. Together, the towns and towns Keflavík, Njarðvík, Hafnir and Ásbrú make up the municipality Reykjanesbær which consists of just under 16,000 residents, making it the fifth largest municipality in Iceland.

  Miðnesheiði

Near Keflavík is the Miðnesheiði heath, where the international airport, Leifsstöð (also known as Keflavíkurflugvöllur, or Keflavík Airport) is located. This is the port of arrival for the vast majority of travellers coming to Iceland.

  The World-Famous Spa

On the southern tip of the peninsula is the Blue Lagoon geothermal spa, an ideal place for relaxing and bathing and one of the most-visited attractions in Iceland.

Najbliższy serwis Reykjanes

Cały serwis w 50km zasięg

Okoliczne atrakcje Reykjanes

Svartsengi

  The Svartsengi Power Station is a geothermal powerstation on the Reykjanes peninsula. Its energy, as of 2007, measures at 76.5 MW, with abou...

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Błękitna Laguna

The Blue Lagoon is a geothermal spa found on the Reykjanes Peninsula in southwest Iceland. It is the most popular attraction in Iceland drawing...

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Grindavík

Grindavík is a fishing town on the southern side of Reykjanes Peninsula. It has a population of approximately 3,300 people. Industry and Cul...

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Hópsnes

Hopsnes (a.k.a. Thorkotlustadanes) is a small peninsula in Grindavik in Southwest Iceland. Many ships have stranded at Hopsnes and can be seen from t...

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Njarðvík

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Marek Slusarczyk. Njarðvík is a town located on the Reykjanes Peninsula in the southwestern ...

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Selatangar

Photo from: The Ruins of Selatangar.  Selatangar is the ruins of a coastal fishing station in Iceland. It can be found in the south of the Reyk...

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Most pomiędzy kontynentami

Wikimedia, Creative Commons, Photo by Chris 73 The Bridge Between the Continents is a bridge on the Reykjanes Peninsula that connects the North Ameri...

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Keilir

Mt. Keilir is a volcanic mountain, southwest of Hafnarfjörður, and is the most recognisable landmark on the Reykjanes Peninsula. For vis...

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Miðnesheiði

Miðnesheiði is a heath on the Reykjanes peninsula. Keflavik airport is located on this heath, as well as the abandoned American military base....

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Ögmundarhraun

Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Reykholt Ögmundarhraun is a lava field on the southern side of the Reykjanes Peninsula, which was for...

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Eldvörp

  Eldvorp is a crater row of scoria and spatter cones located northwest of Grindavik on the Reykjanes peninsula in Southwest Iceland. The area...

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Spákonuvatn

Spákonuvatn is a beautiful crater lake on the Reykjanes Peninsula, surrounded by the haunting lunar landscapes that define this region. Loca...

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Keflavík

Keflavík (meaning ‘Driftwood Bay’) is a town in southwest Iceland, positioned along the Reykjanes coast, 47 kilometres (29 miles ...

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Krýsuvík

Krýsuvík is a geothermal area, located on the Reykjanes Peninsula in south-west Iceland. Geothermal activity at Krýsuví...

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Seltún Geothermal Area

Seltún Geothermal Area is but one part of the much larger geothermal area, Krýsuvík, located on the Reykjanes Peninsula, Icelan...

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Międzynarodowe lotnisko w Keflaviku

Keflavík International Airport (KEF) is Iceland’s only international airport and the port of arrival for the vast majority of visitors ...

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Grænavatn

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons, Photo by G. Mannaerts  Grænavatn is a small lake on the Reykjanes Peninsula, known for its vivid colo...

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Krýsuvíkurbjarg

Krýsuvíkurbjarg is a bird cliff on the Reykjanes Peninsula. It can be spelt Krísuvíkurbjarg, Krísuvíkurber...

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Basen Brimketill

Brimketill is a coastal rock pool on the Reykjanes Peninsula, renowned for its differing beauty between the seasons and its folklore. Folklore at B...

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Sandvík & Continental Bridge

Sandvík, by the southwest tip of the Reykjanes peninsula, is a popular destination for travellers, best known for being home to the Bridge Be...

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