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Matkaopas: Fagradalsfjall

66 Google arvostelua
Tulivuoret, Laavakentät
Southern Peninsula Region, Iceland
Etäisyys keskustasta
18.7 km
Vahvistettu päivämäärä
March 20, 2021
Viimeisin purkaus
August 2022 (ongoing)
385 m
Keskimääräinen arvosana
Arvostelujen lukumäärä

Fagradalsfjall is an active volcano in Iceland.

Fagradalsfjall is a shield volcano that erupted in Iceland in March of 2021, again in August 2022, and most recently in July 2023. You can find it on the Reykjanes peninsula, close to Keflavik International Airport.

Fagradalsfjall's 2023 Eruption by Litli-Hrutur

Volcano crater at Litli-Hrutur eruption in 2023 with gas blowing over the mountains on the Reykjanes peninsula in IcelandOn July 10th, 2023, a new eruption started in the area of Fagradalsfjall, by Litli-Hrutur mountain. The start of the eruption was up to 10 times more powerful than the first one in the vicinity. The eruption ended on August 5th, 2023.

Because of the constantly changing conditions by Litli-Hrutur, keep in mind that the area may be closed off for short periods for public safety. Make sure to check the SafeTravel website before starting your trip, and always respect the safety closures.

New crater at Litli-Hrutur eruption in 2023 on the Reykjanes peninsula in IcelandThe area if open to the public, and the round-trip path to Litli-Hrutur volcano is around 12 miles (20 kilometers), which means around seven to eight hours of hiking, not including time spent at the eruption site. Make sure to dress in warm layers, wear sturdy hiking boots, and bring water and food.

You can do the hike by yourself, but the safest and most convenient way to reach your destination is with a guided tour of Litli-Hrutur volcano. If you don't want to do the challenging hike, you can also book a helicopter tour of the Litli-Hrutur volcano to get a birds-eye view of the new lava rock formations.

Fagradalsfjall’s 2022 Eruption

The 2022 eruption by Fagradalsfjall in IcelandFagradalsfjall volcano erupted again on August 3rd, and the eruption lasted for three weeks. It was located in Meradalir valley on the Reykjanes peninsula, about 1 kilometer from the eruption in 2021. The rift zone of the eruption is over 300 meters long, and 20-50 square meters of lava spewed out every second during the start of the eruption, according to the Icelandic Meteorological Office. 

Prior to the eruption, there had been high tectonic activity on the Reykjanes peninsula, including multiple earthquakes which could be felt in Reykjavik. Fresh lava finally reached the surface on August 3rd for the first time since the last eruption ended in September 2021. Fortunately, the eruption did not create ashfalls like the Eyjafjallajokull volcano in 2010, so it did not disrupt air travel.

In a land of natural wonders, a volcanic eruption creates some incredible landscapes with its black solidified lava. If you are currently in Iceland, don't hesitate to make the most of this opportunity and book a guided tour to see the eruption area up close. Reaching the volcano is an adventure, so expect to hike for at least an hour, and make sure to wear good hiking shoes and warm clothes. Also, don't miss out on the new eruption at Litli-Hrutur. If you prefer not to walk, we recommend booking a helicopter tour of the volcano site, allowing you to explore Meradalir valley from above.

Fagradalsfjall’s 2021 Eruption

The 2021 eruption in Fagradalsfjall crater in IcelandFagradalsfjall’s much-anticipated eruption began on March 19th around 9:30 PM. Before this, Reykjavik and the Reykjanes Peninsula had undergone several weeks of constant tremors and earthquakes, a sign that volcanic activity was imminent. Seismographs recorded over 53,000 of these, and though most could not be felt, some reached 5.7 on the Richter scale and caused minor damage to buildings.

Fagradalsfjall was a stunning location for the eruption to begin, as this volcano had been dormant for 6,000 years, a comparatively long time even for this peninsula, which hasn't seen volcanic activity for 800 years. 

Lava bubbles from a crater at Fagradalsfjall.

The initial rift was 700 meters long and covered one square kilometer. Thankfully, however, Fagradalsfjall is located in a sheltered, uninhabited valley, and though its magma chamber is deep, its lava flow was effusive rather than explosive. As such, it posed no threat to infrastructure and was mainly safe for people to visit.

Despite this, it still released poisonous gases such as sulfur dioxide, which was dangerous for those with respiratory conditions. This was even the case for those living in the surrounding area if the winds were unfavorable.

Geography of Fagradalsfjall

Fagradalsfjall is a large shield volcano, the tallest peak of which stands at 385 meters. Though it is uninhabited, its appealing landscapes were appreciated by early Icelanders, who named it "beautiful valley mountain." The surrounding valley is named Geldingadalur.

The closest roads to Fagradalsfjall are Route 43 and 427, accessible throughout the year; Route 43 is notable for being home to the most famous feature of the Reykjanes Peninsula, the Blue Lagoon. The historic town of Grindavik is just seven kilometers away and is known for its fishing industry.


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