One of the best preserved turf houses in Iceland is the beautiful red Bustarfell Manor in North-East Iceland, close to Vopnafjörður town. It is a large turf house, consisting of 17 houses!
I seek out all of the traditional Icelandic turf houses on my travels here in my country, I just love these old houses, the architecture of which dates back to the Settlement of Iceland in the 9th century. I will be introducing all of the main Icelandic turf houses to you :)
Here in this lovely manor people lived from 1770 until 1966. Bustarfell is now a museum and here one can turn back the clock and enter a different world. The "newest" rooms are 50 years old, but other rooms are much older.
I have added three kitchen photos, two of the age-old open-hearth kitchen and one of the newer modern version of a kitchen, dating back to 1944, where one can see how living standards have changed through the centuries.
This land has been in the occupancy of the same family since 1532 and they still live here in houses, which were built in the 1960's.
Walking through the turf house one can see the thickness of the walls, they are just incredibly thick, which made them very well insulated, which was needed during the long, cold winters in Iceland.
When people moved out of the turf houses and into stone houses they noticed that the stone houses were colder, and now our stone houses are heated up with natural geothermal water.
At Bustarfell one can walk through the different rooms of the turf house, visit the cow-shed, have a look down an old inside well, see the stithy with all its old tools etc. Here you will find several lovely living rooms and bedrooms.
Seeing that people lived at Bustarfell for centuries and into modern times in the 1960's then changes have been made to the turf house to modernize it. It has got electricity and running water, central heating and an indoor WC. And a concrete chimney.
I just love walking through the different rooms of turf houses, which are connected by a passageway, imagining what life must have been like through the centuries for my ancestors, when they were living in turf houses.
My grandmother was born in a turf house and she told me stories from her childhood in a remote valley in the Westfjords of Iceland.
Don't miss the opportunity of visiting this beautiful turf house at Bustarfell when travelling in East-Iceland. The heritage museum is open from June 10th until September 10th from 10:00-17:00.
Behind the museum you will find Café Croft, a very lovely café. At the café one can buy pillows, veils and pictures with the pattern from the golden laced woven cloth given to the wife of the sheriff at Bustarfell after she helped an elf lady in labour. The pattern is so beautiful. Burstafell was the residence of the district sheriff/commissioner in the 16th and 17th centuries, so the folklore dates back to that time.
The turf houses in Iceland are preserved by Þjóðminjasafn Íslands - the National Museum of Iceland. Bustarfell has belonged to the National Museum of Iceland since 1943, when the farmer sold the turf house to the Icelandic state. The family then moved out of the turf house in 1966.
The farmer at Bustarfell, Methúsalem Methúsalemsson donated many of the exhibits at the museum and while visiting the museum one gets the feeling of visiting someone's home and that you could run into the inhabitants at any given moment :)
Bustarfell is located at 65° 35,101'N, 15° 9,524'W. Here you can see the exact location of Bustarfell turf house on the map.
To visit Bustarfell you can rent a car in Reykjavík and drive to the East-Fjords. The closest village, Vopnafjörður, is located 621 km away from Reykjavík. Make sure to stay in at least 2-3 places on the way so you can enjoy Iceland to the fullest.
A short drive from the museum and a ca 30 minute's hike up a hill you will find an elf-rock, where the wife of the sheriff living at Bustarfell, participated in helping a female elf in labour. I have written about this interesting folklore in my blog The Sheriff´'s Wife - an Icelandic folklore.