Next to the very popular Geysir geothermal area in South-Iceland you will find one of our national treasures - the huge Haukadalsskógur forest - Iceland standard -, a lovely church and a small geothermal pool in which one can bathe. Very few people visit it as they go straight from Geysir to Gullfoss waterfall, which are 2 of the main attractions on the Golden Circle.
Haukadalsskógur forest is the most highly cultivated of the national forests in Iceland and one of the biggest national forests in South-Iceland. We Icelanders don't have that many forests so we love our few forested areas. In Landnámabók - the Book of Settlement - in which you can read about the Settlement of the Vikings in Iceland - describes Iceland as having been forested from the mountains and all the way down to the sea, which is very different from the Iceland I know, although my country is becoming more and more forested now due to forestation.
The Vikings are said to have used the plentiful wood excessively and allowed their livestock to roam around free in the forests, which seems to have resulted in denudation. Now we try to keep our sheep away from national parks and sensitive areas, as we don't want our country to blow away out to sea due to soil erosion.
But other factors also added to denudation, for example very cold periods and the frequent volcanic ash fall from the nearby volcano Hekla. These factors were the cause of Haukadalsheiði heath having become one big desert and put the Haukadalur valley at risk.
Fortunately a Danish tycoon, Kristian Kirk, bought a part of Haukadalur valley in 1938 and measures were taken to protect this area from soil erosion. Kristian died only 2 years later and left his land to Skógrækt ríkisins - the Icelandic Forest Service - all 1,600 hectares of it. The Icelandic Forest Service continued with the forestation and declared Haukadalsskógur forest as protected. You will find Kristian's monument by the driveway to Haukadalur.
Now this area is one of the most spacious revegetation sites in Iceland. If you want to drive up to the heath a 4x4 is needed as further on this road is numbered F-338, the F standing for fjallvegur, which is the Icelandic term for a mountain road.
To me Haukadalsskógur is a hidden pearl and I love walking around in between the tall trees, something which our foreign visitors are for sure used to, but we Icelanders consider to be a unique experience :) So we Icelanders visit our few forests a lot.
You will find many trails in Haukadalsskógur and even a customized trail for wheelchairs, which was made in cooperation with Sjálfsbjörg, which is our Icelandic federation of movement impaired people.
Seeing that Haukadalsskógur is a cultivated forest then forestation experiments are made here - and we can even buy our Christmas trees from this beautiful forest. As you can see in my first photo, which is a rare sight in Iceland, then thinning of the forest takes place, as even in forestation thinning is needed. I was in awe when I saw this huge pile of logs, as this is something I have only seen abroad - I guess you must be used to this sight though in your own country.
Now a little bit of history, seeing that Haukadalur valley is a historical place and one of the study centres of Iceland back in the early days.
The settlers in Haukadalur were Þorbrandur Þorbjarnarson and his son Ásbrandur. Then Hallur Þórarinsson the mild built his farm here in 1025. The noted Ari fróði Þorgilsson - Ari the Wise (1067-1148), who belonged to the Haukdælir clan, stayed with Hallur for 7 years, from age 7-14.
Ari the Wise has been called the father of Icelandic historiography as he is best known for writing Íslendingabók or the Book of Icelanders, which tells us about the early history of Icelanders. Íslendingabók is actually the first written work of history in Iceland from the Settlement of Iceland until 1118. Ari the Wise is said to have returned back to Haukadalur to write the Book of Icelanders when he was almost 60 years old.
From the 11th century and until the 13th century - for 174 years - the manor of the big Viking clan Haukdælir was located in Haukadalur. The patriarch of the Haukdælir clan was the priest Teitur Ísleifsson at Haukadalur (d. 1111), who was raised by the same Hallur Þórarinsson as Ari the Wise had stayed with for 7 years. Teitur was the son of the first Icelandic bishop, Ísleifur Gissurarson (1006-1080). So we can for sure say that Haukadalur is a historic place.
Now, back to talking about my visit to Haukadalsskógur forest. We explored the parts of the forest closest to the road and down to the river on the west side. We found a lovely picnic area with a totem pole in the middle of the grove. This grove is called Hákonarlundur grove in memory of Hákon Bjarnason (1907-1989), who was the forestry director from 1935-1977. The pole was erected in 1999 on the 100th birthday of forestation in Iceland and the 60th birthday of forestation in Haukadalur valley.
The pole was carved by Guðjón Kristinsson and the carvings refer to the history of forestation in Iceland and show the landvættir - the land wights of Iceland, who protect the north, south, east and west parts of Iceland. You will see the rock-giant of the south perching at the top of the pole and the other wights further down, the bull, the eagle and the dragon.
Other signs have been carved out in the pole, the Russian bear, the Norwegian elk and the bald eagle from Alaska, referring to some of the trees which have been planted in Haukadalsskógur forest. There is also a face of an American-Indian to be found seeing that this is a totem pole. Hákon was fascinated by this type of art, so the pole was erected to honour his memory and the great work he did for Haukadalsskógur forest.
We had picnic by the totem pole - it was so lovely and a rare opportunity here in Iceland to have a picnic in an actual forest. We do have a cultivated forest in Elliðaárdalur valley in the middle of Reykjavík, which I visited often as it was next to my home, where I lived for 28 years, but you can hear the traffic noise in the city, here in Haukadalur forest we couldn't hear anything but the birds singing.
Haukadalskirkja church is one of the many lovely country churches which you can see all around Iceland. I love visiting these churches and on my travels in my country I pop in for a visit to as many churches as I possibly can. Unfortunately they are almost all closed now due to vandalism so I have to find the key to be able to enter, which is not always that easy.
Haukadalskirkja was closed and I didn't know whom to call to be able to enter. So I could only peep through the windows, such a pity that we have to keep these lovely churches closed. I wished we could all just respect them so that everybody would be able to enjoy these little gems dotted around my country.
Haukadalskirkja was built in 1842-43 and rebuilt and enlarged in 1939 by Kristian Kirk. It is regarded to be one of the oldest timber churches in Iceland. There has been a church in Haukadalur at least since 1121 (some say 1030) and the current church stands on the same foundations as that church. In Catholic times Haukadalskirkja church was dedicated to God, Virgin Mary, St. Andrew, Bishop Marteinn and St. Barbara.
The river Beiná - Bone river runs by the church and the old Haukadalur farm stood east of the church. There are supposedly bone remains in Beiná river, thus the name.
You will find a shield on the red-painted church door with a ring attached to it. There is a folklore related to that ring.
Bergþór in Bláfell - a folklore
"There was a man (troll) named Bergþór, he lived in a cave in Mt. Bláfell; - he had a wife named Hrefna. Bergþór didn't hurt anybody if he was not attacked himself and he was thought to be clairvoyant and wise. When Christianity started spreading in Iceland Hrefna urged her husband to move away from Mt. Bláfell north across Hvítá river, because she couldn't stand watching the settlement below after the inhabitants became Christians (trolls were not Christian and shun away from everything having to do with Christianity - RHR). Bergþór didn't think this mattered at all and told Hrefna that he would stay in the cave. Hrefna decided on moving anyway and moved north of the river and built a hut beneath a mountain - it has since been called Hrefnubúðir. The couple met after that by lake Hvítárvatn and went trout fishing together.
When the giant grew older he once went down to Haukadalur valley and asked the farmer at Haukadalur to secure him a grave, where the chime of the church bells could be heard and the sounds of the river which runs by Haukadalskirkja church - he asked the farmer to move his dead body to Haukadalur. Then the farmer should go and collect his body in his cave in Mt. Bláfell and the payment for his good deed would be found inside his kettle. As a sign of his death his walking stick would be by the farm door in Haukadalur. The farmer agreed to this and they parted.
One morning as the country people arrived at Haukadalur they found a huge walking stick by the farm door. The farmer was informed about this and recognized the walking stick of Bergþór. He had a coffin made and went up to Mt. Bláfell with several men - they found Bergþór dead in his bed in Bergþórshellir cave. They put him in his coffin and were surprised that such a huge man (troll) didn't weigh more. The farmer noticed a big kettle by the bed and checked what was inside, and when he only saw leaves inside he gathered that Bergþór had tricked him so he left the leaves behind. But one of the men in his group filled his mitten with leaves.
When they had descended from the mountain the man who had taken the leaves checked his mittens; they were filled with money! The farmer and his men returned to the cave to pick up the kettle, but they didn't find the cave and it has been hidden ever since. They returned and carried the body of Bergþór down to Haukadalur; the farmer had him buried north of the graveyard; it has since been called Bergþórsleiði or the Grave of Bergþór.
The ring from Bergþór's walking stick is the same ring as the one on the shield on the church door, and the spike of the walking stick is also in the possession of the church".
(I translated parts of this folklore into English from Þjóðsögur Jóns Árnasonar - the Folklore of Jón Árnason. Parts which I didn't think were relevant to the story of the church door ring I left out).
The forestry director, Hákon Bjarnason, put a gravestone, at his own expense, on the grave of Bergþór. I love such folklore and hope you enjoy reading about them as well. I think they add to the experience of visiting these places.
Marteinshver hot spring and Kúalaug hot pool
There is absolutely NO BATHING in Marteinshver hot spring - it is 80-100 degrees C hot!
Seeing that this area is located next to the highly geothermal area of Geysir then there is geothermal activity in Haukadalsskógur forest. The best known is the protected Marteinshver hot spring, which was used earlier for heating up water in a swimming pool for swimming lessons for the inhabitants in the neighbouring areas. There was a hut above the hot spring to create a steam bath and potatoes were cooked in the hot spring and laundry was done here as well.
In my childhood there was a small hut above the hot spring in Laugarvatn, where we always used to stop and take a steam bath, free of charge. Now a spa has been built, which uses the geothermal heat from the hot spring in Laugarvatn. It is called Fontana an deserves a visit if you want to be spoiled.
Marteinshver hot spring is by the river on the west side of the church, very difficult to find and it is best to leave it alone as it is so frightfully hot.
I have seen a lot of misinformation on Marteinshver, it has been called Marteinslaug hot pool and has even been recommended for bathing - with a picture of the hot spring attached! The hot spring is 80-100 degrees hot so under no circumstances should it be used for bathing, it would result in death! It is now preserved and used to heat up the building of the Icelandic Forest Service.
What I think people are confused about is that there is a hot pool close to the road, in which you can take a dip - it is called Kúalaug, but some people call it Marteinslaug, even though the former inhabitants don't know why. Kúahóll mound is just east of Kúalaug, so we shall only refer to it as Kúalaug hot pool and try to get rid of the misinformation on-line where people are even being directed to the hot spring.
Kúalaug hot pool
There are 3 hot pools in this area, Kúalaug, Matarlaug and Sokkalaug. Matarlaug is ca 70 degrees hot and Sokkalaug is ca 25 degrees C hot, but Kúalaug has the perfect temperature of 38-40 degrees C. Kúalaug consists of 2 pools, one bigger and one smaller pool, which is surrounded by stones to define it. I have only had a foot-bath in it, but it is big enough for 4-6 people to bask and enjoy.
Kúalaug is right by the road before you reach Haukadalskirkja church and is easily accessible. There are no changing facilities though, so if you want to visit it, it would be best to wear your bathing suit inside your clothes and leave your clothes on the grass by the pool. Always wear a bathing suit when bathing in our hot pools, especially when they are right by the road like this one.
The pool edges can become slippery in the rain and seeing that this is a natural pool then there is vegetation at the bottom of the pool and it can become slippery.
Always check the water temperature before entering natural hot pools - this is nature and the temperature can change.
Don't miss this lovely area while in Iceland. I am aware that our foreign visitors are on a tight schedule and want to see the highlights of the Golden Circle, but now you know that the surrounding area also has gems, which are hidden from sight.
Kúalaug is in South Iceland, 2 km away from Geysir. Drive to Geysir on Route 35, then onto Route 333. The road is marked as F-333, but doesn't turn into an F-road until later. The pool is right by the road on the left-hand side, just before you reach the church.
Also check out these Golden Circle Tours: the Popular Golden Circle Tour, Full Day Minibus Tour of the Golden Circle, 3 Day Tour to Jökulsárlón Ice Cave with Golden Circle, Glacier Hiking & Northern Lights, the Golden Circle, Blue Lagoon & Kerið Volcanic Crater, Horse Riding & Golden Circle Tour, Snorkeling in Silfra & the Golden Circle Tour and many many other interesting combinations of the Golden Circle Tour.