Tunnel de glace Langjökull et fjord de la baleine
Rejoignez cette excursion à la découverte du fjord de la baleine et de l'exploration de l'intérieur d'un glacier. Vous découvrez le tunnel de glace construit par l'homme aux couleurs bleues intenses sous Langjökull, le deuxième plus grand glacier d'Islande.
Vous êtes récupéré à votre hébergement à Reykjavik et mettez le cap vers Husafell situé aux portes des Hautes Terres. Sur place, vous montez à bord d'une dameuse pour se rendre sur le glacier Langjökull tout en profitant du paysage enneigé.
A l'intérieur du glacier, votre guide vous explique les conséquences du réchauffement climatique et l'écologie en Islande. En effet, si rien ne change, le glacier fondrait jusqu'à disparaître dans 80 ans. Pour lutter contre la fonte du glacier, des volontaires plantent chaque année de nombreux arbres au pied du glacier.
Après avoir eu une expérience de glace vous faites l'expérience du feu sur l'île de glace et de feu!
Le prochain arrêt est à Deildartunguhver, la plus puissante source chaude d'Europe avec son eau bouillonnante et entourée de serres. Attention l'eau peut aller jusqu'à 97°C (206°F). A proximité, vous découvrez également des fougères qui ne poussent nul part ailleurs en Islande.
Vous découvrez ensuite la cascade Hraunfossar où l'eau de la rivière Hvita a la particularité de passer sous le champs de lave séchée avant de remonter à la surface.
Sur le chemin de retour vers la capitale, vous découvrez l'ancienne usine de baleine à Hvalfjörður, une région connue pour son industrie de pêche notamment de la baleine.
Vous voyez également la base militaire anglaise-américiane qui a servi de base durant la 2ème guerre mondiale pour le stockage de sous-marin allant vers l'Europe.
Saisissez votre chance de découvrir toute la beauté et l'histoire des Hautes Terres en Islande tout en découvrant l'intérieur d'un glacier! Vérifiez la disponibilité au-dessus en sélectionnant une date et le nombre de participants pour réserver.
Bon à savoir
- Disponible: Toute l'année
- Durée: 10 heure(s)
- Activités: Grotte, Visite de sites naturels
- Difficulté: Facile
- Âge minimum: 2 ans
- Langues: English
Hraunfossar in Borgarfjordur district is a series of beautiful waterfalls formed by rivulets streaming from a short distance out of the Hallmundarhraun lava field.
The lava field flowed from an eruption of one of the volcanoes lying under the glacier Langjokull. The waterfalls pour into the Hvita river from ledges of less porous rock in the lava. These are some of the most magnificent falls found in Iceland and not to be missed.
Deildartunguhver, by Reykholt, in Borgarfjordur district, has the highest flow rate for a hot spring in Europe.
The flow rate of Deildartunguhver is 180 liters/second and water emerges at 97 °C. The place is also unique for being the only place in the country where the hard fern grows.
Husafell is one of the most popular destination of travelers in the country, a unique natural attraction. It has much history and strong ties with legends and folklore. It is located in Borgarjordur in West Iceland.
Husafell has excellent facilities and services, offering many recreational activities, beautiful woodlands in a field of lava and nice warm pools. The old farmhouse there was built in 1904 and is run as a hotel.
Many birds can be found in Husafell. The mountain ring around the area is exeptionally beautiful. Husafell is also located near many other of Iceland's top natural attractions, such as the waterfalls Barnafossar and Hraunfossar, Langjokull glacier, Deildartunguhver hot spring, Surtshellir cave, Reykholt etc. etc....
Artist Pall Gudmundsson (a.k.a. Pall of Husafell) is from there, famous for his stone harps. He has worked with Icelandic band Sigur Ros.
Barnafoss ('Children's Waterfall') is a waterfall in Hvita river in Borgarfjordur.
The waterfall runs through a narrow rocky gorge and legend has it that there once was a natural stone arc over the river, that was demolished after two children fell from it to their death. Not far away is the stunning series of waterfalls Hraunfossar, flowing out of a lava field into Hvita.
The mighty Langjokull (“The Long Glacier“), in the midwest highlands is the second-largest glacier in Iceland, at 935 km2. For jeep and snowmobile trips, Langjokull is the most popular glacier in Iceland and skiing and hiking is possible as well. We stress that under no circumstances should one travel alone on Langjokull, as there are many cracks in the glacier. Experience of the area, whether that of yourself or of those traveling with you is all important.
Two main highland tracks, connecting the north and the south, lie alongside the glacier, Kaldidalur road and Kjalvegur (a.k.a. Kjolur road). The Kaldidalur road stretches from Thingvellir northwards to Husafell (in Borgarfjordur district), between Langjokull and Ok shield volcano. Kjalvegur lies east of Langjokull and west of Hofsjokull glacier, starting near the famous Gullfoss waterfall to the south and the Svartakvisl stream by the Hveravellir geothermal area to the north.
The landscape of Langjokull
Langjokull is about 50 km long and 15-20 km wide. The volume of the glacier is 195 km3 and the ice is around 580 m thick. The glacier reaches its highest point at the northernmost part of the glacier, which is called Baldjokull, rising around 1450 m above sea level.
Counting west and southwards from there, outlets extending from the main glacier are Thristapajokull, Flosajokull, Geitalandsjokull, Flosajokull, Geitlandsjokull and West- and East Hagafellsjokull furthest south, separated by Mt. Hagafell. On the eastside from north to south are Leidarjokull, Kirkjujokull, Nordurjokull, and Sudurjokull.
The glacier lies over a massif of hyaloclastite mountains that rise highest in the south and the east. The tops of these mountains can be seen in certain places on the glaciers. To the northeast are Hyrningur (1320 m), Peturshorn (1358) m), Fjallkirkja (1248 m) and Thursaborg (1315 m), a mighty series of immense rock pillars rising high to the sky. In the southern part of Langjokull, between Lonsjokull and Vestri-Hagafellsjokulll is the 995 high Klakkur.
Into the glacier
Deep within Langjokull lies a man-made ice tunnel, a true spectacle for any visitor passing by the glacier. This daring vision began in 2010, in the minds of Baldvin Einarsson and Hallgrimur Orn Arngrímsson. Designed and constructed by geophysicist and presidential candidate, Ari Trausti Gudmundsson, dreams of an ice tunnel beneath the glacier soon became a reality. Guests traverse beneath Langjokull's thick ice sheet, experiencing the blue ice within, and gaining an insight into the glacier's beauty inside and out. The Ice Tunnel Tour is available inside the glacier all year round.
Notable nearby mountains
The main mountains that lie close to Langjokull to the north are Krakur and the Burfjoll mountain range, slightly eastwards. East of Baldjokull are Hafjall and the Thjofadalafjoll mountain range. Hrutfell with the Hrutfellsjokull glacier cap (1396 m) lies east of Fjallkirkja and is the most impressive mountain of the Kjolur area, along with Kjalfell (1008 m), further northeast.
On the south eastern side of Langjokull, between the outlets Nordurjokull and Sudurjokull lies Mt. Skridufell (1235 m) and south of Sudurjokull is the shield volcano Skalpanes. Further east, i.e. south of Hvitarvatn is the 1204 m high Blafell and south of Skalpanes is the impressive palagonitic mountain range Jarlhettur. Among the most prominent mountains south of the Langjokull glacier is Hlodufell at 1186 meters and the Skjaldbreidur shield volcano further east.
Among the most prominent mountains to the west of Langjokull are Hafrafell, south of Eiriksjokull, North- and South Hadegisfell, Ok volcano, Prestahnukur volcano, and Stora- and Litla Bjornsfell.
Glaciers located near to Langjokull are Eiriksjokull, to the west, the highest mountain of West Iceland, and Thorisjokull, further southwest. Hrutfellsjokull lies on the east side of Langjokull.
Between Thorisjokull and Geitlandsjokull is a valley called Thorisdalur. Along with stunning views it features prominently in Icelandic folk tales and the outlaw Grettir the strong of Grettis saga fame is further reported to have resided there for one winter.
Glacier-fed rivers & lakes
Two glacier rivers, both bearing the name of Hvita (‘White River’) trace their sources to Langjokull. The first is the mighty Hvita in Arnessysla county, home to Iceland‘s most famous waterfall, Gullfoss, the beautiful Bruarhlod canyon and one of Iceland‘s most popular rafting rivers. The source of this river is Hvitarvatn lake, east of Langjokull. The outlet Nordurjokull reaches the lake and lends it a distinctly glacial colour. Sudurjokull used to reach it as well but has retreated in recent times.
The other Hvita glacier river, in Borgarfjordur, also has its source in the area, by Eiriksjokull glacier. In this river are the beautiful waterfalls Hraunfossar and Barnafoss. Indeed, many of the hot springs in Borgarfjordur receive ground water from Langjokull. Sub-surface water also flows south to Lake Thingvallavatn, reappearing in springs in and around the lake. A few rivers flowing north to Hunafloi bay also have their sources there.
To the south, Eystri-Hagafellsjokull feeds a lake called Hagavatn and several smaller river flow from there to lake Sandvatn. In turn, rivers flow from this lake to two major rivers i.e. Hvita in Arnessysla & Tungufljot. Tungufljot later joins up with Hvita and Hvita itself merges with Sogid river as Olfusa and this river then flows towards the sea.
There are at least two active volcanic systems under Langjokull glacier, whose calderas are visible from the air. The best known of these is the geothermal area of Hveravellir, east of Baldjokull. Also to the east lies the Kjalhraun lava field, which flowed about 7800 years ago.
To the northwest of the glacier is another system that produced the vast Hallmundarhraun lava field, through which Hvita in Borgarfjordur runs, with its stunning falls. Also in the area is Iceland‘s longest lava cave, the fascinating Surtshellir.
Southwest of Langjokull is the Presthnukur lava field, its fissures extending under Langjokull. South of the glacier is the Lambahraun lava field and further east, i.e. south of Thorisjokull, lies the Skjaldbreidarhraun lava field and the Skjaldbreidur shield volcano.
Compared to other regions in Iceland, the area is considered relatively calm, with only 32 eruptions in the last 10.000 years.
Langjokull is shrinking fast and concerns have been raised about the glacier due to the effect of global warming. Some researchers feared that if climate change continues at its current rate the glacier may be gone in about 150 years.
Heure du transfert : 07:00
Récupération à votre hôtel ou guesthouse à Reykjavik
Frais de bus
Transport en dameuse sur le glacier Langjökull
Entrée au tunnel de glace
A emporter avec vous:
Vêtements adaptés aux jours ensoleillés comme aux jours pluvieux (vêtements imperméables recommandés)
Chaussures fermées pour marcher/randonner
Bon à savoir:
La météo change vite en Islande donc préparez-vous en conséquence. Il est toujours bon de prendre un pull chaud ou de s'habiller en couches que vous pourrez enlever si vous avez trop chaud. Les jeans ne sont pas recommandés car une fois mouillés, ils sont froids et mettent longtemps à sécher.