Information about Bárðarbunga

The stratovolcano Bardarbunga is Iceland’s second-highest mountain and lies under the icecap of Vatnajokull, Europe’s largest glacier.

Bardarbunga lies on the glacier’s northwest side and rises to a height of 2009 meters. It is Iceland’s largest volcanic system, around 200 km long and up to 25 km wide. Bardarbunga’s caldera measures 70 km2, up to 700 m deep and 10 km wide. The base is on average about 1100 meters but the surrounding edges may rise as high as 1850 meters.

The volcano has erupted every 250-600 years. The largest eruption on earth occurred there some 8500 years ago. In more recent times, there have been several subglacal eruptions, the last one occurring in 1864. Some connection may also exist between activity in Bardarbunga and the Grimsvotn volcano. 

Frequent earthquakes indicate that Bardarbunga might erupt again and it is being closely monitored by The Icelandic Meteorological Office.

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Attractions nearby Bárðarbunga

Nýidalur/Jökuldalur

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Grímsvötn

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Trölladyngja

Trölladyngja is Iceland's largest shield volcano, located in the north of Vatnajökull National Park in the highlands. At 1,468 metres (...

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Kverkfjöll

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Pietro Kverkfjöll is a sub-glacial mountain range on the northern side of the Vatnajökul...

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Holuhraun

Holuhraun is an immense lava field north of Vatnajökull glacier in Iceland's Highlands. Holuhraun is the site of a powerful eruption which...

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Vatnajökull

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Jökulheimar

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Laugafell

  Laugafell is a small mountain to the north-east of the glacier Hofsjokull, in the Icelandic mid-highlands. On the north-western slopes of La...

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Askja

  Askja volcano is a vast caldera in a remote part of the easterly central highlands of Iceland, located in the Dyngjufjoll mountains. These m...

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Þjórsárver

Thjorsarver is a wetlands area and natural reserve in the mid higlands of Iceland and became listed as a RAMSAR site in 1990, mainly as it the wo...

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Dyngjufjöll

Dyngjufjoll is a volcanic mountain range in the lava field Odadahraun in the Icelandic highlands. The Askja caldera is situated in this mountain rang...

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Langisjór

  Langisjor is among the clearest highland lakes in the country. Its altitude is 670 meters and at its deepest it’s 75 meters. The l...

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Víti by Askja

Wikimedia. Creative Commons. Credit:  Ulrich Latzenhofer.  Víti is a geothermal crater lake found in Askja Caldera in the Icela...

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Sprengisandur

The Sprengisandur highland plateau stretches between the glaciers Hofsjokull and Vatnajokull (Europe’s largest glacier) and was the main route b...

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Ofaerufoss

Ofaerufoss is a highly beautiful waterfall in the volcanic chasm Eldgja in Southeast Iceland. The Eldgja chasm, belongs to the same volcanic system as...

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Hvannalindir

Hvannalindir is a vegetated area within Vatnajökull National Park in the Highlands of Iceland.  While the Icelandic Highlands mostly consis...

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Hofsjökull

Hofsjokull is the third largest glacier in Iceland and is situated in the Mid-Higlands. Hofsjokull has an active subglacial caldera volcano which is...

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Bruarjokull

Wikimedia. Creative Commons. NASA.  Brúarjökull is a 1600 sq km (617 sq mi) glacier tongue extending from Iceland's largest ice-...

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Breiðbakur

Breidbakur, in the Icelandic highlands, is a mountain west of Langisjor lake and near Vatnajokull glacier. The scenery in this area is magnificent. ...

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Morsárfoss

Morsárfoss is Iceland's tallest waterfall, measuring 228 metres. In fact, there are several waterfalls in the area, and sometimes...

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Tours near Bárðarbunga