Akrafjall

Akrafjall

Akrafjall is a mountain located on the Akranes Peninsula on the west coast of Iceland. Mount Akrafjall is a lone and eye-catching mountain that rises between the coastlines of Hvalfjörður Fjord and Leirárvogur Bay. The mountain covers most of its hosting peninsula’s landmass, as it rises close to the coastlines on each side. Its highest summit is Geirmundartindur with a peak of 643 metres. Geology and History The distinctive shape of Akrafjall is due to periods of

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Akranes

Akranes

Akranes is a port town in the west of Iceland, approximately 42 km from Reykjavik, lying at the tip of the peninsula separating Hvalfjörður and Borgarfjörður.  History Settled in the 9th Century by Irish brothers, Þormóður and Ketill, the town only began to take full shape in the mid-1700s. In 1942, the town was officially chartered and saw a great surge in its population growth. Today, Akranes has a population of approx. 6700. An important service centr

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Akurey

Akurey

  Akurey is a small island in Kollafjordur bay, off the shore of Reykjavik. There is plenty of birdlife in the island as many puffins nest there, as well as eiders and the arctic tern. Entering the island is dependent on a favorable tide, as the strait between the island and Orfirisey (a former island that was later connected by landfill to the mainland) is only 0,8 m deep during high tide.

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Akureyrarkirkja

Akureyrarkirkja

Akureyrarkirkja is a Lutheran church in the town Akureyri in North Iceland. It is one of the town’s most distinctive landmarks. The church towers over the town and was designed by the state architect Gudjon Samuelsson and consecrated in 1940.  Its opaque central window stems from the Coventry Cathedral in England. The church has bas-reliefs by Asmundur Sveinsson (who‘s work can be further seen at the Asmundarsafn museum in Laugardalur, Reykjavik) and the font i

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Akureyri

Akureyri

Akureyri, ‘The Capital of the North’ is a town in the fjord Eyjafjörður in North Iceland. It lies just 100 kilometres (62 miles) away from the Arctic Circle. It is Iceland’s second-largest urban area with a population of about 17,800. Economy Akureyri is an important fishing centre and port, but in the last few years, tourism, industry, higher education and services have become the fastest growing sectors of the economy. An airport is located about three kilo

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Aldeyjarfoss

Aldeyjarfoss

  Aldeyjarfoss is a beautiful waterfall in the mighty Skjalfandafljot river, dropping from a height of 20 meters. Of particular note is the contrast between the giant black bent basalt columns and the white water of the fall.

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Álftanes

Álftanes

Álftanes is a town and former municipality in Iceland, located roughly twenty minutes drive from the capital, Reykjavik, on the northeastern point of the Reykjanes Peninsula. Álftanes now makes up part of the Capital Region and has an estimated population of 2600 people. Despite being so close to the city, Álftanes feels like a natural oasis. Surrounded on all sides by the lapping waves of the Atlantic Ocean, the peninsula is characterised by rolling farmlands, distant hi

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Álftavatn

Álftavatn

Wikimedia, Creative Commons, Photo Credit Chmee2/Valtameri Álftavatn is a beautiful lake in the southern Icelandic highlands, renowned for its beautiful birdlife. Álftavatn is located in a remote location, on the Laugavegur hiking trail; it therefore can only be reached by those taking a multi-day hike. These hikes usually go from Landmannalaugar, one of the nation’s most popular highland areas, to Þórsmörk, a beautiful forested valley. This route is

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Almannagjá

Almannagjá

Almannagjá is a gorge within Þingvellir National Park, which marks the edge of the North American tectonic plate. It is possible to hike through and has a beautiful waterfall within it. Geology of Almannagjá Almannagjá marks the boundary of the Mid-Atlantic Rift, which runs through Iceland. This rift is the space between the North American and Eurasian tectonic plates. Nowhere in the country is this remarkable feature more distinct than in Þingvellir Nationa

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Almannaskarðsgöng

Almannaskarðsgöng

Almannaskarðsgöng is a 1312m (roughly 1.3km) tunnel along Route 1, located near Höfn (Hornafjörður) in the eastern region of Iceland. The tunnel pushes through 1150m of rock and 162m of concrete. The tunnel is two lanes wide with three passing spots for emergency traffic. History Icelandic winter has always made travelling the roads of Iceland’s countryside a daunting and, very often, time-consuming experience. Regular heavy snowfall in the Almannaskarð region

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Alþingi

Alþingi

The Alþingi is Iceland’s longest running and highest institution of government, having been formed amidst the stunning beauty of Þingvellir (“Parliamentary Fields”) in the year 930AD. The formation of the Alþingi was the country’s first step to solidifying a national identity, creating not only the Icelandic Commonwealth (until its end in 1262), but also, what was arguably the longest running parliament in history.  History Upon the Alþingi&

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Árbæjarsafn

Árbæjarsafn

Wikimedia. Creative Commons. Credit: Ymblanter. Árbæjarsafn is an open-air museum in Reykjavík dedicated to providing guests with an insight into the daily lives of the capital's earliest settlers.  The museum was founded in 1957 after local concerns grew that 'Old Reykjavik' was beginning to disappear amidst modern development.  Prior efforts had been made to establish the museum as far back as 1942, and yet, despite positive reaction to the prop

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Árhver and Vellir

Árhver and Vellir

Árhver (and nearby Vellir) is a geological feature which consists of six to eight vents on small sand flats, some slightly elevated but most just beneath the surface of the water. Lucky visitors might be able to see it erupt, shooting water up to 1.5 metres (5 ft) into the air, although the activity has been slowing down in recent years. However, the ever-changing landscape of Iceland means there are no guarantees it will stop. In fact, after some major earthquakes in 1896, it started

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Arnarfjörður

Arnarfjörður

Arnarfjordur is the second-largest fjord of the Wesfjords and is known as one of the most beautiful of the fjords, due to its diverse landscape, majestic mountains and the breathtaking Dynjandi ('Thunderous') waterfall.  The fjord is 30 km long and 10 km at its widest and features sveral smaller fjords and inlets. It borders on Slettanes to the north and Kopur to the south.  Between Arnarfjordur and Dyrafjordur lies the Westfjord's highest mountain, Kaldbakur (not to be c

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Arnarhóll

Arnarhóll

Arnarhóll is a hill, situated on the eastern end of Reykjavík’s Old Harbour, and a district in the capital’s downtown area.  As a district, Arnarhóll lies east of streets Lækjargata and Kalkofnsvegur, north of Laugavegur and west of Frakkastígur. The Central Bank of Iceland building is situated north of the hill itself, while east of it lies the Culture House or Safnahúsið.  Today, the hill is often utilised as a live music v

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Arnarker

Arnarker

Arnarker is a 515 m (1,693 ft) long cave in the Leitarhraun lava field, north of the old road leading from Þrengsli towards Selvogur.  Although its original name is Arnarker (Eagle's Basin), the cave is almost always locally referred to as "Kerid". It takes about an hour to drive from Reykjavik to Arnarker and a marked path leads to it from a sign by the road.  Arnarker is spacious, wide and high, although the cave’s northern section is severely damaged; i

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Arnarstapi

Arnarstapi

Arnarstapi is a village on the southern side of the Snæfellsnes peninsula, once a fishing hub and now a place for travellers to refuel before entering Snæfellsjökull National Park. The area has several old and charming houses with interesting stories to them and is renowned for its beautiful nature. History of Arnarstapi Records of settlements around Arnarstapi date back to the Bárðar saga Snæfellsáss, an ancient Icelandic Saga that tells of the half

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Árskógssandur

Árskógssandur

Photo above from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Bromr Árskógssandur is a small community in north Iceland, nestled against the fjord Eyjafjörður. Located between the larger settlements of Dalvík and Akureyri, Árskógssandur has more to it than its humble population of just around 130 people may suggest. It is the departure point for those taking the ferry over to Hrísey Island, and the location of the Kaldi brewery and beer spa, which are open

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Ásbyrgi

Ásbyrgi

Ásbyrgi Canyon is a spectacular horseshoe-shaped depression in the northeast of Iceland, steeped in folklore. It is found only fifty miles east of Húsavík along the popular Diamond Circle route. Geography of Ásbyrgi Canyon This beloved natural feature measures approximately 3.5 kilometres (2.2 miles) in length and 1.1 kilometres (0.7 miles) in width. It is only a small corner of the extensive and dramatic Vatnajökull National Park, but undoubtedly one of its

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Askja

Askja

Askja is a caldera in the central Highlands of Iceland, just north of Vatnajökull glacier. It is best known for its dramatic eruptions, as well as the training grounds for Apollo astronauts because of its otherworldly, lunar landscapes. The highest point of the mountains forming the crater is 1,510 metres (4.954 feet), which is remarkably tall for an Icelandic peak. Askja is a popular destination for hikers, with mountain huts to reside in, although can only be accessed in summer with

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Ásmundarsafn

Ásmundarsafn

  Asmundarsafn in Laugardalur valley in Reykjavik is a museum dedicated to the works of Icelandic sculptor Asmundur Sveinsson. Along with the sculptures, the Asmundarsafn building itself is interestingly shaped and was mostly designed by the sculptor, drawing inspiration from Arabic domes and Egyptian pyramids.

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Atlavik

Atlavik

Located in the east of Iceland, Atlavík is a small cove in Hallormsstaðarskógur forest, on the shores of the lake Lagarfljót. A once popular meeting place for locals and visitors, today Atlavík is a popular camping area due to the surrounding trees and the great view of the lake. History Atlavík is named after Graut-Atli Þiðrandason who came from Norway to Iceland’s east coast with his brother during the country’s settlement between

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Austari-Jökulsá

Austari-Jökulsá

  Austari-Jokulsa (East Jokulsa River), 'The Beast of the East', is a glacier river in Skagafjordur district. With its strong stream, wild canyon scenery and heart-pumping whitewater, it is considered one of the best rivers in Europe for rafting.  The river has its source near the glacier Hofsjokull through several rivulets north to Asturdalur valley, with several tributaries joining it along the way. Inner off the valley it flows through river islands, later falling int

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Austurdalur

Austurdalur

  Austurdalur is a valley in Skagafjordur district in Northwest Iceland. The mighty glacier river Austari Jokulsa runs through the valley and puts its mark on the whole area. The river is popular for rafting and the flora in the area is varid. Innermost of the valley is a deep gully through which the river runs down and joins Vestari Jokulsa to form Heradsvotn. This gully in particular is highly popular for rafters. In Fagrahlid there's a natural forest of birch and willow. River Bea

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Austurvöllur

Austurvöllur

  Austurvollur is a public square in the centre of Reykjavik and a popular gathering place. Around the square are cafés, clubs, shops and hotels, the parliament house and the small and charming Domkirkja church, the central Lutheran church in Iceland. The tall statue at Austurvollur's centre is of national hero Jon Sigurdsson.  Austurvollur has also been a central point for demonstrations and protests, particularly following the economic collapse in 2008.

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Barnafoss

Barnafoss

 Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Johann Dréo Barnafoss is a rapid waterfall in West Iceland, just a short walk away from the serene Hraunfossar falls. It is best known for its dark history in folklore, and for how much it contrasts with its neighbour. Folklore of Barnafoss Barnafoss translates to ‘the Children’s Falls’ because of a legend long been told about it. Back in Iceland’s early days it was said a family with two boys who lived at th

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Bárðarbunga

Bárðarbunga

The stratovolcano Bardarbunga is Iceland’s second-highest mountain and lies under the icecap of Vatnajokull, Europe’s largest glacier. Bardarbunga lies on the glacier’s northwest side and rises to a height of 2009 meters. It is Iceland’s largest volcanic system, around 200 km long and up to 25 km wide. Bardarbunga’s caldera measures 70 km2, up to 700 m deep and 10 km wide. The base is on average about 1100 meters but the surrounding edges may rise as high as 1850 m

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Berserkjahraun

Berserkjahraun

Berserkjahraun is a 4000-year-old lava field situated on the Snæfellsnes peninsula. It covers the western part of Helgafell, between Stykkishólmur and Grundarfjörður. History The name Berserkjahraun comes from one of the Icelandic Sagas, Eyrbyggja-Saga. According to the saga a farmer brought two berserkers from Sweden. He later gave the berserkers to his brother, Víga-Styr, who lived on the other side of the lava field. One of the Swede fell in love with Víg

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Bessastaðir

Bessastaðir

  Bessastadir is the official residence of the president of Iceland and is situated in Alftanes, near Reykjavik. In the 19th century Iceland's only educational institution from 1805-1846 was the school at Bessastadir, Bessastadaskoli. The Reykjavik Gymnasium ('MR') traces its roots to Bessastadaskoli.

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Bíldudalur

Bíldudalur

Surrounded by layered, flat top mountains, Bíldudalur is an attractive fishing village settled on the fjord, Arnarfjörður. This fjord-side location is responsible for the village’s envious reputation as “the good weather capital” of the Westfjords, and is a well tread spot for hikers, skiers and deep sea anglers.  History Despite it’s diminutive population size today (around 200 inhabitants), the development of  Bíldudalur was once prosp

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Bjarnarfjörður in Strandir

Bjarnarfjörður in Strandir

Bjarnarfjörður is fjord in the Westfjords, south of Veiðileysufjörður and north of Steingrímsfjörður. Bjarnarfjörður is known for its untouched isolation, its stunning hiking trails and the playful seals who colonise the fjord’s waters. Visitors to the region can also take the opportunity to visit the Sorcerer’s Cottage and the fabled Lambatindur mountain. The Sorcerer's Cottage  The Sorcerer’s Cottage, locally know

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Bjarnarflag

Bjarnarflag

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons, Photo by LV Corporate Bjarnarflag is the oldest geothermal power station in Iceland, having been first opened nearly fifty years ago in 1969. The station can be found near Námafjall, a mountain renowned for its hot spring area, Námaskarð, in the north of the country. It is used to power the Mývatn region, in particular, the Mývtan Nature Baths.  Because Bjarnarflag is located in the rift valley that runs through Ic

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Bjarnarhöfn

Bjarnarhöfn

Bjarnarhofn is a farmstead on the Snaefellsnes peninsula. Many notable Icelanders lived here. Bjarnarhofn's church and shark museum are listed as the nr. 1 Snaefellsnes attractions by Lonely Planet travellers. Also don't miss the colourful Berserkjahraun lava field. At the shark museum you can learn about the habits and biology of the Greenland shark and the seafarers who risked their lives hunting it. Try a bit of shark, best washed down with a nice portion of Brennivin. Above Bjarnar

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Bjarnarhöfn Shark Museum

Bjarnarhöfn Shark Museum

Photo above from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Xfigpower The Bjarnahöfn Shark Museum is a fascinating exhibition on the processing of traditional Icelandic fermented shark. Located on the northern shores of the Snæfellsnes Peninsula, this site gives you the opportunity to learn all about how the sharks have always been caught, buried, hung and prepared, an operation that takes months of work and results in something that seems just revolting.  Here, you are more than we

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Bjarteyjarsandur

Bjarteyjarsandur

Bjarteyjarsandur is a family farm in west Iceland, where visitors can enjoy an authentic, rural Icelandic experience. Located in Hvalfjörður, just north of Reykjavík, the farm offers guests to help them with traditional activities such as sheep-shearing, mussel-collecting from the shore, and wild berry picking. Different activities are available at different times of the year. Food tours are also available here. Bjarteyjarsandur prides itself on its environmental sustainability

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Bláfjöll

Bláfjöll

Wikimedia, Creative Commons, photo by Reykholt The Blue Mountains, otherwise known as Bláfjöll, are a beautiful mountain range in the south-west of Iceland. They hold some of the most popular skiing slopes in Iceland, and well as the potential for other activities such as caving and hiking. The Blue Mountains are located around 20 kilometres (12 miles) from Reykjavík, by the lava plateau of Hellisheiði. Geology of the Blue Mountains The Blue Mountains partially cover t

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Bláhnjúkur

Bláhnjúkur

  Blahnjukur (a.k.a. Blahnukur) is a volcano in the area of Landmannalaugar, in the south highlands of Iceland.  Blahnjukur's name ('Blue Peak') comes from its blue-black colour, due to lava flows and volcanic ash. Next to Blahnjukur is the volcano Brennisteinsalda. Blahnukur is popular for hiking and offers a magnificent view from the top, wherefrom five glaciers may be sighted.

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Blönduós

Blönduós

Blönduós is the largest urban area of Húnaflói bay in northwest Iceland, with a population of around 880 people. It is a service centre for the local area and a common stop for travellers of the ring road. Economy, accommodation and services Blönduós’s main economy is acting as a serving centre, particularly for dairy products, as well as fishing and light industy and tourism. A creamery and a butchery are both operated at Blönduós,

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Blue Lagoon

Blue Lagoon

The Blue Lagoon is a geothermal spa found on the Reykjanes Peninsula in southwest Iceland. It is the most popular attraction in Iceland drawing people from all across the world. Go here to find the largest selection of Blue lagoon tours in Iceland The Lagoon is just a fifteen-minute drive from Keflavík International Airport, or a thirty-minute drive from Reykjavík, located between the two. It is thus often visited straight after arrival to the country or right b

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Bolungarvík

Bolungarvík

Bolungarvík is the second-largest town in the Westfjords, as well as being its second-largest municipality, with around 950 people. The town hosts one of the oldest fishing stations in the country and is close to good fishing grounds. Bolungarvík is surrounded by large coastal mountains and has been populated since the age of settlement. The town features a national history museum and an open air fishing museum. Bolungarvík has apartments for rent and all basic facilities.

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Borg á Mýrum

Borg á Mýrum

Borg á Mýrum is a farm and church estate just west of the town of Borgarnes in Iceland.  The estate is especially rich in settlement history and is home to a famous church built in the 1800s, as well as a monument of Egill Skallagrímsson of Egils Saga.   History  The recorded history of Borg á Mýrum dates back to the Age of Settlement. Skallagrímur Kveldúlfsson was one of the country's very first settlers, and as he arrived,

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Borgarfjörður

Borgarfjörður

Borgarfjörður is a fjord and a district in south western Iceland, by Faxaflói bay. It covers the coastal land between Reykjavík and the Snӕfellsnes Peninsula. Economy, History & Culture Though mostly rural, several townships are in the fjord, the largest being the town Borgarnes, with a population of around 1763 people. This is a commerce and service centre for a large part of the southwest. Of particular note  here for travellers are the Settlement Centre and

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Borgarfjörður eystri

Borgarfjörður eystri

Borgarfjordur eystri is a fjord of about 130 people, located in East Iceland. It's main settlement is Bakkagerdi. The area is renowned for its natural beauty. Sheep farming, fishing and fish work is the Bakkagerdi's main economy, as well as tourism, though this is only during the summer months.  Hiking is highly popular in the area and many great routes are available, but the most notable hiking destination is beyond doubt Stórurð ("The Giant Boulders") a

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Borgarnes

Borgarnes

Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Chensiyuan Borgarnes is a town of less than 2000 people, located on a peninsula at the shore of Borgarfjörður. It is a historical settlement, a cultural hub and an essential commerce centre for a large part of western Iceland. Getting to Borgarnes Borgarnes is located to the north of Reykjavík, reached by travelling Route 1, otherwise known as the Ring Road which encircles the country. This journey takes you through a six kilometre tu

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Borgarvirki

Borgarvirki

Photo by Regína Hrönn Ragnarsdóttir. Borgarvirki ‘Citadel’ is a columnar basalt fortress and a volcanic plug on the Vatnsnes Peninsula in northwest Iceland. Partly natural and partly constructed by hand, it is 10-15 metres (33-49 ft) high and reaches 177 metres (580 ft) above sea-level, with stairs leading the top so that its awe-inspiring views are accessible to visitors. The rocky terrain makes for a challenging climb, so travellers must take care when going a

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Breiðafjörður

Breiðafjörður

Breiðafjörður is a nature reserve and bay between the Snæfellsnes Peninsula and the Westfjords in west Iceland. Geography of Breiðafjörður Breiðafjörður is 125 kilometres (78 miles) long and 50 kilometres (31 miles) wide at its widest. Its surroundings are mountainous, and the Snæfellsjökull glacier can be seen on the tip of the Snæfellsnes Peninsula, at the southern side of the entry to the bay. In clear weather, it is possible

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Breiðamerkurjökull

Breiðamerkurjökull

Breiðamerkurjökull is the glacial tongue that extends from southern Vatnajökull and into the glacier lagoon Jökulsárlón, creating the icebergs that define this beautiful landmark. Breiðamerkurjökull is constantly retreating, breaking and melting, causing the Jökulsárlón glacier lagoon to increase in size; it is less than a century old, but already the deepest lake in Iceland. This glacier tongue provides the lagoon with all of its

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Breiðárlón

Breiðárlón

Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Bromr. Breiðárlón is a gorgeous, yet often overlooked glacier lagoon, that can be found at the south end of  Vatnajökull glacier, just five minutes drive from its more famous counterpart, Jökulsárlón. Jökulsárlón has long been declared "The Crown Jewel of Iceland", but it is far from being the only glacial lagoon in the country. Breiðárlón is, arguably, the s

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Breiðavík

Breiðavík

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by: Jóna Þórunn. Breiðavík is a beach in the Westfjords, near the very popular Látrabjarg birdwatching cliffs.  Unlike many of Iceland’s beaches, the sands here are golden, giving it an ambience that is differs from the rest of the country; in bright weather, it almost looks tropical. By the shore, there is a quaint church, and there are options for accommodation here in summer. Staying in this area is

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Breiðbakur

Breiðbakur

Breidbakur, in the Icelandic highlands, is a mountain west of Langisjor lake and near Vatnajokull glacier. The scenery in this area is magnificent. Along with Breidbakur, the Fogrufjoll mountains (lit. 'Beautiful Mountains') are popular for hiking and, as you may have guessed by the name, very beautiful. The mighty Vatnajokull is Europe's largest glacier and Langisjor is renowned as one of Iceland's clearest mountain lakes.

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Breiðdalsvík

Breiðdalsvík

Photo above from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Christian Bickel Breiðdalsvík is a tiny hamlet in east Iceland, within the incredible valley of Breiðdalur.  With a population of just around 140 people, Breiðdalsvík encapsulates small-town Icelandic life. Many popular hikes lead away from the settlement, such as through the Jórvíkurskógur Forest and around the fjords of the east. It is also a great location to look out for wild reindeer. Wit

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Brennisteinsalda

Brennisteinsalda

  Brennisteinsalda (ca. 855 m) is a volcano in the area of Landmannalaugar National Park, in the south highlands of Iceland. Brennisteinsalda is a highly colourful mountain, coloured by suplhur (wherefrom it gets is name, 'Sulphur Wave'), blue and black lava and ashes, green mosses and red iron. In front of the mountain is an obsidian lava field.  The popular Laugavegur hiking trail passes Brennisteinsalda and nearby is the Blahnukur volcano.

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Bridge Between Continents

Bridge Between Continents

The Bridge Between Continents (Miðlína) is an attraction found on Reykjanes peninsula, not far from Keflavík international airport. This is a short footbridge (15 metre/50 feet long) that crosses a sand-filled fissure, and connects two lava plates. The bridge was built as a symbol of the connection between Europe and America as the fissure clearly shows how the Eurasian tectonic plate and the North American tectonic plate are gliding apart. Iceland is located right on top

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Brimketill lava rock pool

Brimketill lava rock pool

Brimketill is a coastal rock pool on the Reykjanes Peninsula, renowned for its differing beauty between the seasons and its folklore. Folklore at Brimketill Brimketill’s current name translates to ‘whitewater cauldron’, although it was not always named such. Historically, it was known as Oddnýjarlaug, or ‘Oddný’s Pool’, named after a giantess or troll. According to legend, Oddný used the pool to bathe and wash her clothes; as such it

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Brúará

Brúará

Brúará is a spring-fed river in west Iceland which runs by the boundaries of municipalities Biskupstungur and Grímsnes.  The river’s source is the Laugardalsfjöll mountains, Úthlíðarhraun lava field and the Highland area of Brúarskörð. Brúará is a tributary of Hvítá river and a popular spot for angling.  History Brúará translates to Bridge River and gets its name from a natu

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Brúardalir

Brúardalir

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Axel Kristinson. Brúardalir is a series of valleys in Brúaröræfi in East Iceland.  Surroundings The valleys that make up Brúardalir are Laugarvalladalur, Sauðárdalur, Sauðárdalur’s continuation Vesturdalur, as well as Fagridalur and a few other smaller glens and hollows. There are tracks that reach this area from the village Brú, the settlement Möðrudalur an

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Bruarfoss waterfall

Bruarfoss waterfall

Brúarfoss ('Bridge Falls') is a relatively small waterfall compared to many of its Icelandic counterparts, but its diminutive size does nothing to take away from its staggering beauty. Both locals and seasoned travellers regard Brúarfoss as one of the country’s hidden gems, often labelling it 'Iceland’s Bluest Waterfall.'  The glacial river Brúará falls 2-3m, ending in a U-turn at the base of the waterfall, where the river

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Bruarjokull

Bruarjokull

Wikimedia. Creative Commons. NASA.  Brúarjökull is a 1600 sq km (617 sq mi) glacier tongue extending from Iceland's largest ice-cap, Vatnajökull.  Brúarjökull is the largest glacier tongue of its kind, extending 55 km (34 mi) down into the Central Highlands, reaching such low elevations as 700 m (2297 ft) above sea level.  As with all ice-caps, Brúarjökull is capable of extending and retreating, depending on the circumstances. The fi

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Búrfell

Búrfell

Búrfell is a mountain in the south of Iceland, situated along the western boundary of Þjórsárdalur Valley. Geology and history The mountain is a basalt tuya, with tuya being a type of volcano formed when lava erupts through an ice cap or a glacier. These mountains are recognisable by their distinct shape of a flat top and steep sides. Such mountains are rather rare worldwide, confined to areas where active volcanism is occurring at the same time a

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Búri

Búri

Buri, in the Leitahraun lava field on the Reykjanes peninsula, is widely considered to be the most spectacular lava tube in Iceland. This lava tube was discovered in 2005 by volcano speleologist Bjorn Hroarsson. The discovery was heralded as one of the most amazing in speleology for the last 1000 years. The size of the cave is unique in Iceland. The cave is ten meters high, 10 meters wide in its largest chambers and 1 kilometer long. Its innermost section has a 17 meter deep vertical pit,

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