Information about Búrfell

Búrfell is a mountain in the south of Iceland, situated along the western boundary of Þjórsárdalur Valley.

Geology and history

The mountain is a basalt tuya, with tuya being a type of volcano formed when lava erupts through an ice cap or a glacier. These mountains are recognisable by their distinct shape of a flat top and steep sides. Such mountains are rather rare worldwide, confined to areas where active volcanism is occurring at the same time as glacial coverage. Lava which erupts under a glacier cools relatively quickly and is restricted from travelling far, so as a result, the lava piles up into a steep-sided hill. 

Surroundings

The river Þjórsá runs to the east of the mountain and to its south lie the waterfalls Þjófafoss and Tröllakonuhlaup that feed into the river. Þjórsá has been harnessed for its energy and the resulting power station, Búrfellsvirkjun, was named after the mountain. This hydroelectric plant, which started its workings in 1972, was the first grand-scale construction of its kind in Iceland and marked the beginnings of local industrialisation of natural resources.

To the south of the mountain, there is a birch forest by the name of Búrfellsskógur. At the foot of Búrfell stands the Viking museum Þjóðveldisbær, a reconstructed farmstead of historical accuracy, which includes a traditional Viking longhouse. 

Hiking 

Búrfell is steep from every side, but least so on its north side, where there is a road that leads to the top of the mountain. A receiver for cellphones is located at the top. The mountain has a height of 480 metres (1.570 feet) and is relatively easy to ascend if one follows the road. Hikers can park at the power plant but will have to walk the rest of the way. 

Services near Búrfell

All services in 50km radius

Attractions nearby Búrfell

Vopnafjörður

Vopnafjörður is a village and municipality situated on a wide fjord by the same name in the north-east of Iceland.  The Fjord separates...

View

Dimmugljúfur

Wikimedia. Creative Commons. Christian Bickel Fingalo.  Dimmugljúfur is a deep and dramatic canyon in northeast Iceland, a favourite amon...

View

Jökulsá á Fjöllum

The Jökulsá á Fjöllum is the second longest river in Iceland, best known for the waterfalls within it. Geography of the J&o...

View

Möðrudalur

Modrudalur a Fjollum is the highest positioned farm in Iceland (469 m above sea level) and is located in the east highlands, north of Vatnajokull glac...

View

Hrossaborg

Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by genevieverossier  Hrossaborg, in northeast Iceland, is a tephra and scoria crater. Its name means &ls...

View

Selfoss (waterfall)

Selfoss is a beautiful waterfall in north Iceland, often visited on Diamond Circle tours. It is not to be confused with the town of the same name i...

View

Jökulsárgljúfur

Jökulsárgljúfur is a canyon in Iceland that was once its own national park; now, it is part of the greater Vatnajökull Natio...

View

Stuðlagil Canyon

Stuðlagil Canyon can be found in East Iceland in the Glacier Valley called Jökuldalur. With the largest number of basalt rock columns in Icel...

View

Dettifoss

Dettifoss is a waterfall found in North Iceland, said to be the most powerful in Europe. It is regularly visited on Diamond Circle tours and should ...

View

Helgafell

  Helgafell is a farm and church site, by a 73 m hill of the same name, and located on Thorsnes, south of Stykkisholmur on Snaefellsnes peninsul...

View

Hafragilsfoss

  Downstream of Dettifoss, Europe's most powerful waterfall, is another major waterfall, the thunderous Hafragilsfoss. Like Dettifoss, Hafr...

View

Egilsstaðir

Egilsstaðir is the largest town in East Iceland, with a population of 2464 people as of 2018. It is located on the banks of the river Lagarflj&o...

View

Fljótsdalshérað

  The Fljotsdalsherad district in East Iceland, home to East Iceland's main town, Egilsstadir, is particularly attractive and features an ab...

View

Herðubreiðarlindir

Herdubreidarlindir is an oasis situated near Herdubreid mountain north of Vatnajokull glacier. The area features a campground and hiking trails and i...

View

Dyrfjöll

Photo from: Mt. Dyrfjöll Hiking | Day Tour Dyrfjöll is a series of mountains within a great mountain range that rests between fjord Borgarf...

View

Lagarfljót

Lagarfjlót is a narrow lake in the east of Iceland, also known as Lögurinn. This feature is best known for its natural beauty, its fish...

View

Borgarfjörður eystri

Borgarfjordur eystri is a fjord of about 130 people, located in East Iceland. It's main settlement is Bakkagerdi. The area is renowned for its nat...

View

Litlanesfoss

Litlanesfoss is a waterfall in east Iceland renowned for its surrounding geology. Description of Litlanesfoss Litlanesfoss is two-tier waterfall t...

View

Hallormsstaðaskógur

Wikimedia, Creative Commons, Photo Credit: Cristophe L Hess Hallormsstaðaskógur is Iceland's largest national forest, found in East Ic...

View

Hljóðaklettar

Hljodaklettar (‘Echo Rocks’) is a distinctive cluster of columnar rock formations, located by Jokulsargljufur in Vatnajokull National Pa...

View