Látrabjarg bird-cliff in the Westfjords of Iceland is the largest seabird cliff in Iceland and one of Europe's biggest seabird cliffs. Látrabjarg is also one of the westernmost parts of Europe (24°32'´3" west). The Bjargtangar part of Látrabjarg is often called the westernmost point if you skip the mid-Atlantic archipelago of Azores. Látrabjarg is up to 441 meters high and 14 km long.
Top photo: a puffin at Látrabjarg
The lighthouse at Látrabjarg, which is the westernmost lighthouse in Europe.
Látrabjarg is considered to be one of the most spectacular seabird cliffs in the world and the birdlife here is amazing. Here are literally millions of sea-birds, with the most sought after (photography wise) being the puffin.
But you might also see the razorbill, fulmar, guillemot, and many, many other species of sea-birds - approx. 10 all in all - nesting and raising their chicks in the cliffs. It is believed that the largest colony of razorbills in the world nests in these cliffs.
Razorbill in the cliffs
Látrabjarg is divided into 4 parts: Keflavíkurbjarg, Látrabjarg, Bæjarbjarg and Breiðavíkurbjarg cliffs. It is sheer-sided and there is a painted white line to warn people against not getting too close to the edge and falling off the cliff.
In this travel-blog, I will mainly be showing you Látrabjarg and the puffins and a little bit from my detour to Keflavíkurbjarg cliffs as well.
Látrabjarg was declared as protected (friðlýst) in March 2021.
Látrabjarg is, in my opinion, the best place in Iceland to get close to and photograph the puffins. Another good spot, where you can get very close to the puffins is in Bakkagerði in Borgarfjörður-Eystri in East-Iceland.
At Látrabjarg the puffins are so tame, as it were, and fearless of us humans. They barely budge, even though people get very close. They seem to be used to having people around and know that we are not going to harm them. But people can go too close to them as you will see a little later on in my travel-blog.
A grooming puffin
Sometimes the puffins look like they are posing for the camera, but that is just their manner. They do their own business and go on with their life, ignoring us gazing at them, and pointing a camera in their direction. Let's not use flash when photographing the puffins as it is not good for their eyes and will disturb them.
Once when I lay on my back in the grass close to the edge a puffin jumped up on the edge and walked towards me. He then sat down almost right next to me and just stayed there for the longest time. I didn't dare to move and just enjoyed its company :)
The cute puffins melt my heart
I have never been as close to puffins as I have been at Látrabjarg, it almost feels as if I can touch them here. But they will not allow us to touch them and we should never try it.
As puffins have an oil gland by the root of their tail to protect their feathers in the sea. Touching them could make them lose the protecting oil, so petting is not allowed where puffins are concerned.
And they bite hard when feeling threatened or trapped as Gordon Ramsey found out the hard way when a puffin bit his nose.
What is characteristic about the puffins is the brightly colourful beak and their bright orange legs.
The puffin chicks don't' have the bright orange colour of their parents, they have a grey beak and grey legs. And even the grown-up puffins only sport the bright orange colour during their breeding season and lose it in the wintertime. But when this happens they live out at sea, so we never see them looking like that.
The wings of the puffins are very small and it is so cute to see them fly as they flap their wings so rapidly. These small wings are perfect for catching fish I have been told.
What is also characteristic about the puffin is that it digs a tunnel or a burrow in which it lays only one egg a year, so usually, eggs are not picked from the puffins. I remember reading the news in 2014 about an Icelandic puffin egg being auctioned on E-bay :(
The police was notified as eggs cannot be exported from Iceland without an exemption from our Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The seller was fortunately apprehended.
Látrabjarg is heaven for bird-lovers and photographers, given that you get the right weather conditions.
I have laid on my stomach and looked down at the birds as to not lose balance, as looking down and taking photos with a zoom can easily make people lose balance. In my videos above you can see the view I had.
You can get really amazing photos of the puffins at Látrabjarg, even amateur photographers as myself can get photos that look quite professional :)
Living on the edge
You might want to stay in the vicinity for the night to be able to visit Látrabjarg late at night and the next morning to get photos in a different light. The number of puffins also varies according to the time of day.
I stayed for one night at Hotel Breiðavík and have written a special travel-blog on my stay and my visit to Látrabjarg. The hotel is located some 12 km away from Látrabjarg.
A cute puffin kiss - bill tapping strengthens the lifelong bond between these 2 birds
The Atlantic puffins stay in Iceland from mid-May until late in August each year to raise their chicks. Then they stay out at sea in the wintertime.
All in all, there were around 8 million puffins in Iceland during the summertime, but their number is unfortunately decreasing.
The Westman islands
Until the summer of 2018, we were able to visit Tóti the Puffin up close and personal in the Westman Islands, but I have written about the late puffin in another travel-blog.
A cute kittiwake chick waiting for its food at Látrabjarg
There are some great photo opportunities at Látrabjarg, to say the least. Látrabjarg is visited by myriads of guests every summer, and even though it is remote then it is so worth the visit.
I used the zoom on my camera to get close-up photos of the sea-birds. But I saw some people getting really close to the puffins, way, way too close.
Now, this is way too close and on the border of harassing these cute birds, who are just nesting there trying to bring up their chicks. And there is no need to go this close as the zoom works fine with photographing them.
This is way too close as this is nature and not the Zoo
This is not the Zoo, but birds in their wild habitat and as little stress as possible should be put on them during their breeding season.
Also, the puffins dig 70-100 cm long burrows where they lay their one egg - so there are burrows underneath where the puffins nest, and being so close to the edge is not safe at all. A white line has been sprayed by the edge to show you how far it is safe to go.
I have seen too many people ignoring this line, sitting on the edge, and swinging their legs. And the line fades so people might not be fully aware of the danger.
There is no crossing this white line as the edges are unstable
I once pointed out to one gentleman who had ignored the white line, that he might be sitting on a hollow burrow which might cave in under his legs; he was quick to jump up. The lines are there for a reason; to keep us safe, and to keep the puffins at a safe distance from the visitors.
Drive no further if you are visiting in a 2WD
I was curious to know what Keflavíkurbjarg cliffs looked like. And seeing that I was staying in this area overnight, then I decided on taking the detour to Keflavíkurbjarg on my way back from Látrabjarg.
We drove as far as we could until we reached this sign "illfær vegur" meaning a bad or difficult road leading down to Keflavík. My husband always wants to see how far he can drive on these "illfær vegur" roads in our 2WD, but I put my foot down and said stop! This was in the summer of 2017 and we bought a 4x4 jeep the following year for further exploration of our country.
I did not want to be stuck on a bad road somewhere remote in the Westfjords with nobody around. As Látrabjarg and the puffins are the main attractions here and Keflavíkurbjarg is a much less visited cliff.
Rauðasandur - the Red Sand Beach as seen from Keflavíkurbjarg
We walked to the edge of the cliff and had a look around. And this is the view we had; the other side of the beautiful Rauðasandur - Red Sand Beach! It was worth making this detour if just for seeing this beautiful sight. It was overcast and kind of ominous weather though. See also:
When I was little we were told stories of the remote Westfjords, but never visited them. My grandmother was born in the Westfjords, but my mother didn't visit the Westfjords until we held a family reunion there back in 2010.
Taking in the beauty of the Westfjords
When I looked on the other side of the cliffs I got chills. The cliffs looked so forbidding, like dark silent giants guarding the Westfjords. I just wanted to get out of here.
We were told stories of tall ominous mountains, steep roads in the mountains, and remote areas. And I got the old feeling back of fearing the Westfjords when I saw this sight.
This sight scared me
By now I have spent a lot of time exploring the Westfjords and absolutely love visiting them. My mother does not want to visit them again and my sister has never visited them. Sometimes tourists in Iceland see more of the country than we locals do.
I noticed numerous small cairns here on Látraheiði heath at Brunnahæð. They were erected by travellers passing the heath for the first time a long time ago. Then it was customary, and considered a duty, to erect a small cairn or even 3 cairns; 3 stones on top of each other were enough, for protection for the first time when passing the heath, in a location where it was easy to lose one's way.
Some people erected larger cairns as you can see in my photos.
Cairns on Látraheiði heath
If you didn't erect a cairn bad things could happen, so I guess that everybody passing for the first time built a cairn for their protection. Getting caught in the fog was common here on the heath, so high above the sea level. And being so close to the sheer cliff in the fog and bad weather can be fatal, so the cairns acted as a warning sign.
Bishop Guðmundur góði "the good one" (1161-1237) blessed a waterhole here on Látraheiði heath at Brunnahæð. Guðmundur blessed many a place in Iceland including Látrabjarg.
(Information from the book Álög og bannhelgi by Árna Óla - Þórður Jónsson, Látrum - 1958).
Cairns on Látraheiði heath
These cairns are never to be tampered with. There are other stone piles, the tourist cairns on the other hand, which have been popping up everywhere in Iceland, much to the dismay of us locals. We dismantle them when we see them.
We took a backroad on our way back from Keflavíkurbjarg to Geldingsskorardalur to visit the spot where a heroic rescue took place. In fog and heavy undercurrent, the British trawler Dhoon stranded on the 12th of December 1947 by Látrabjarg.
The monument for the heroic rescue
15 people were aboard the trawler. The local volunteer rescue teams and the local farmers came to their rescue and were able to save 12 of them under extremely difficult circumstances.
In this dreadfully cold weather in the dead of winter, the farmers used a string to heave the men up to safety. The farmers collected birds' eggs in the summertime and used this type of string to hang from the cliffs. This difficult rescue took some 3 days under extremely hard conditions.
A memorial plaque was erected in 1997 on the 50th anniversary of the heroic rescue
Vestfirðingar - the locals from the Westfjords of Iceland - are a special breed of tough Icelanders, and you can read about one of them in my travel-blog:
You can watch a documentary on this heroic rescue operation at the museum at Hnjótur. When the film was being shot at Látrabjarg the trawler Sargon stranded at Hafnarmúli by Örlygshöfn close by.
The information sign on the heroic rescue of the British trawler Dhoon
The men rushed to Hafnarmúli to rescue the seamen from the trawler Sargon. The director of the documentary on the British trawler Dhoon, shot and used footage from the real rescue operation of Sargon at Hafnarmúli for his documentary. I recommend visiting Hnjótur museum to watch the documentary, as it leaves no man untouched.
Hnjótur is included in the Grand West - Látrabjarg, Rauðasandur and more tour, about which I have written another travel-blog:
Melasól - papaver radicatum
By now we have visited the oldest sedimentary strata of Iceland, created some 12-13 million years ago. Life always finds its way, even under the harshest circumstances, and so did the beautiful flower in my photo above. I noticed it in several places on my way to Keflavíkurbjarg, growing amongst the rocks, beautifying the grey rocky landscape.
I stopped the car and took some photos of it. It is yellow and has got a light green hue, very beautiful. It is called melasól in Icelandic - papaver radicatum in Latin, and it is common in the Westfjords of Iceland, the Eastfjords, and on the Snæfellsnes peninsula, although I have only come across it in the Westfjords.
The road sign for Látrabjarg and more interesting locations
To visit this area you can rent a car in Reykjavík and drive up to the Westfjords. Látrabjarg is located some 417 km away from Reykjavík, if you take ring-road 1, road 60, road 62 and then turn on road 612 for Látrabjarg. Also check out Kollsvík on road 615, the smallest settlement in Iceland.
Road 612, a 36 km long gravel road, leads to Látrabjarg. Remember to fill up on gas before going to Látrabjarg as there is no gas station in this area. The nearest village is Patreksfjörður, some 13 km away from the intersection.
If you come by the ferry Baldur - then you will get off at Brjánslækur, which is some 80 km away.
A home-made traffic-sign in Látravík on the way to Látrabjarg
Don't miss visiting Látrabjarg if you ever find yourself in this remote area of the Westfjords of Iceland. It is just amazing to see the puffins so unafraid and up close.
Guided tours to Látrabjarg:
Westfjord road map sign
There is also the guided tour to Látrabjarg and Rauðasandur operating from May-August by Westfjord Adventures, which I joined and told you about earlier. The tours run by Westfjords Adventures start from Patreksfjörður village, and I would recommend joining a tour or two when visiting this area. It is priceless to get local guidance in such areas.
I have written several other travel-blogs about the beautiful Westfjords of Iceland and will be adding more later on:
Have a lovely time in the beautiful Westfjords of Iceland :)