Information about Fjallabak

Landmannalaugar are in the midst of Fjallabak Nature Reserve

Fjallabak may refer to Fjallabak Nature Reserve, or two highland routes, South Fjallabaksleið or the North Fjallbaksleið. The name 'Fjallabak' literally translates to 'The Back of the Mountains', or 'Mountain Back'.

Fjallabak Nature Reserve

Fjallabak Nature Reserve ("Friðland að Fjallabaki") is an area in the Icelandic Highlands surrounding the popular hiking destination of Landmannalaugar, protected since 1979.

The entire area is more than 500 metres above sea level and characterised by colourful mountains, geothermal valleys and volcanic activity. The colour is due to the rhyolite and obsidian making the ground appear green, blue, pink, red and yellow. Lava fields, rivers and lakes also make their mark on this Nature Reserve.

A popular natural hot spring is located at Landmannalaugar camping ground, where visitors will frequently bathe. A mountain hut is also found in the area, perfect for guests to book overnight stays, use the kitchen and the bathroom facilities.

All amenities are basic and very rustic and there are no food or grocery shops available in the area.

The area is most popular with hikers; to reach it a 4WD car is needed as some rivers need to be crossed. Fjallabak Nature Reserve is also only accessible during summertime, as it is covered with thick ice and snow in wintertime.

Iceland's most popular hiking route, the Laugavegur Route, leads from Landmannalaugar within Fjallabak Nature Reserve to Þórsmörk.

Hikers normally take 3-4 days to hike it.

South Fjallabaksleið

The South Fjallabaksleið ('Fjallabaksleið syðri') is an old highland route north of Mýrdalsjökull glacier, connecting Rangárvellir (the eastern part of the South Iceland lowlands) to Skaftártunga (the area northwest of Mýrdalsjökull).

The area is very dry, sporting scant vegetation as it is situated between mountains that have a strong volcanic activity.  The mountains have left endless amounts of ash, sand and lava in the area which is now covered in moss, creating a truly unique regional look.

North Fjallabaksleid

In more recent times, another track, North Fjallabaksleið ('Fjallabaksleið nyrðri'), has been laid, connecting the two aforementioned areas. This north track was originally named Landmannaleið by the local farmers who used it.

Services near Fjallabak

All services in 50km radius

Attractions nearby Fjallabak

Dómadalur

  Domadalur is a valley east of Kringla (Landmannahellir cave) in the south of the Icelandic highlands. The valley has a little shallow lake a...

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Landmannaleið

Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Pietro Landmannaleið, or the F225, is a highland road that leads to the Fjallabak Nature Reserve and t...

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Frostastaðavatn

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Gestumblindi. Frostastaðavatn is a highland lake renowned for its vivid blue and green colouration ...

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Ljótipollur

Ljótipollur is an explosion crater and crater lake in the south Highlands. Its name means ‘Ugly Puddle’, despite the fact it is a...

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Landmannalaugar

Landmannalaugar, or the 'People's Pools', is a vast area of stunning and unique beauty in the heart of Iceland's southern Highlands....

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Brennisteinsalda

  Brennisteinsalda (ca. 855 m) is a volcano in the area of Landmannalaugar National Park, in the south highlands of Iceland. Brennisteinsalda ...

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Bláhnjúkur

  Blahnjukur (a.k.a. Blahnukur) is a volcano in the area of Landmannalaugar, in the south highlands of Iceland.  Blahnjukur's name (&#...

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Torfajökull

Torfajökull is the name of both a stratovolcano and a complex of subglacial volcanoes, north of Mýrdalsjökull glacier in South Icelan...

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Strútslaug

Strutslaug (also known as Holmsarbotnalaug) is a geothermal pool in the South Highlands, north of Myrdalsjokull glacier and close to Torfajokull glaci...

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Veiðivötn

Veiðivötn is an area of over 50 small fishing lakes, situated north-east of Friðland að Fjallabaki and Landmannalaugar. The ov...

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Krakatindur

  Krakatindur is a 858 m volcano in Rangarvallasysla in South Iceland. The volcano is located in the Nyjahraun lava field and belongs to ...

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Stórasúla

Stórasúla is a distinctive, cone-shaped mountain found in the southern highlands of Iceland. The mountain has an elevation of 693 m (2...

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Faxi

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Kkaefer. Faxi is a wide, serene waterfall in South Iceland. It can be found in the Tungufljót Ri...

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Bláfjöll

Wikimedia, Creative Commons, photo by Reykholt The Blue Mountains, otherwise known as Bláfjöll, are a beautiful mountain range in the sou...

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Eldgjá

  Eldgja is the largest volcanic canyon in the world, 270m deep, 600m at its widest and around 40 km long.  The canyon lies paralel with t...

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Hekla

Hekla, nicknamed ‘the Gateway to Hell’ in the Middle Ages, is one of Iceland’s most explosive, unpredictable and powerful volcanoes....

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Laugavegur Hiking Trail

Laugavegur is one of the most popular highland trails in Iceland. The scenery is breathtaking in its beauty and diversity, perfectly representing th...

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Hólaskógur

  Holaskogur is an deforested area (despite the name, 'skogur'='forrest') in Gjupverjaafrettur in the mid highlands of Iceland.&...

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Háifoss

Háifoss, or the 'High Waterfall', is a waterfall in Fossárdalur valley, innermost of Þjórsárdalur valley, ...

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Uxatindar

Uxatindar is a mountain peak in the southern highlands which stands 642 metres above sea level. It is green with moss throughout summer and is ...

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Tours near Fjallabak

Landmannalaugar Day Tour | The Pearl of the Highlands

Visit the wilderness of Iceland and join this tour of hiking and bathing in a geothermal hot......

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One-Way Bus Ticket | Departure from Thorsmork

Reserve your bus seat from the beautiful Þórsmörk valley with this one-way bus ticket.......

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Hiker's Ride To Thorsmork | One-Way Bus Ticket

Take a seat on this one-way bus ride to the luscious Valley of Þórsmörk and see for yourself......

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The Golden Hikers Bus Pass | Return Bus Ticket to the Highlands

Explore the magical highlands of Iceland at your own pace with the Golden Hikers Bus Pass. Hike......

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Landmannalaugar Geothermal Area | Super Jeep Day Tour

Explore the Landmannalaugar geothermal area on this amazing super jeep day tour. Landmannalaugar......

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Mystery Super Jeep Tour | South Coast or the Highlands

Hop aboard this fantastic Super Jeep tour and leave your day’s sightseeing in the hands of the......

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Trek at the Doors of Hell | 4-Day Hiking Tour to Landmannalaugar

Come along on this four-day trek of the barren Icelandic Highlands. Travel alongside the volcano......

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Conquer Eyjafjallajokull! | Highlands Snowmobiling Adventure Tour

Hop on to this full-day tour snowmobiling in Iceland's beautiful Central Highlands and......

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6 Day Motorcycle Adventure | Icelandic Highlands

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Extreme Iceland Highlands Photography Workshop

Join award-winning landscape photographers from Iceland on this 13-day Extreme Iceland Highlands......

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Helicopter Tour | The South Coast, Jokulsarlon Glacier Lagoon & The Highlands

Join this memorable helicopter tour of Jökulsárlón Glacier Lagoon, the black sand beaches of the......

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Discover Landmannalaugar | 2-Day Snowmobiling Tour

Don't miss out on the chance to join this phenomenal 2-day snowmobiling tour exploring the......

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Wildcard Super Jeep Tour | 7-Hours of Exploration

Join us on an exciting trip in beautiful South Iceland that is not dependent on the weather,......

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10 Day Photography Workshop | Highlands & South Coast

Hone your photography skills with this summer photo tour. For 10 fulfilling days, you’ll be in......

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Iceland Motorcycle Adventure | Three days in the Highlands

Get ready to really experience the Icelandic wild nature by motorcycle. This is a brand new and......

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