Information about Krafla

Krafla, in its 1984 eruption.Wikimedia, Creative Commons, Photo Credit: Earthquakes Krafla

Krafla is a caldera, part of a greater volcanic system of the same name, located north of Lake Mývatn in North Iceland. It is one of the country’s most explosive volcanoes, having gone off approximately 29 times since the country was first settled.

Proportions of Krafla

The crater of Krafla’s caldera is about ten kilometres (seven miles) wide, although its fissure zone extends for 90 kilometres (56 miles). The Víti crater is located in this fissure zone, famed for the green lake within it.

At its tallest, the peak of Krafla is 818 metres (2684 feet) high.

Major Eruptions at Krafla

With 29 eruptions under its belt since settlement, Krafla has long had a reputation as an unpredictable and dangerous feature. Two, however, were more significant then the rest.

The Mývatn Fires were the first of these. Continuing for five years from 1724 to 1729, the fissure erupted across much of its length, and sent lava fountains so high in the air that they could be seen all the way across the Highlands, on the South Coast.

No one was killed directly by this eruption, although considering the ash and toxic fumes, it is difficult to be certain of how many indirectly died. It did, however, destroy three farms.

The second major eruptive episode at Krafla occurred between 1975 and 1984. Nine separate eruptions occurred, limiting services, industry and tourism in the area, and dramatically changing it.

For example, the hot spring of Grjótagjá was accessible prior to the eruption, but the temperature is now incredibly volatile.

Viti crater, which means 'hell', is located in the Krafla fissure.Wikimedia, Creative Commons, Photo Credit: Christian Wirth

Utilisation of Krafla’s Energy

Since 1977, surprisingly established during an eruptive episode, a power station has existed at Krafla, helping the north with its green energy needs. Since then, there have been further attempts to harness its incredible power potential.

The most notable of these was a survey taken in 2006 that revealed a vast amount of lava just below the surface of the earth. This led to the creation of the Icelandic Deep Drilling Project’s first well, which discovered liquid rock a mere two kilometres (just over a mile) beneath the earth’s surface.

Surroundings of Krafla

Krafla is blessed with an incredible location, meaning visits to it can be accompanied by lots of different sites. This is because it sits in the Lake Mývatn area of the north, which is renowned for its diversity.

The lake itself, or, more correctly, the lakes themselves, are beautiful and serene, with dozens of species of nesting bird, fascinating flora and a wealth of geological sites. Amongst these, the Dimmuborgir lava fortress is the most impressive.

Krafla is also relatively close to the most powerful waterfall in Europe, Dettifoss, and an incredibly verdant horseshoe-shaped canyon, Ásbyrgi.

Reykjahlið is the closest settlement to Krafla, though small and with few services. The towns of Akureyri and Husavík, however, are still relatively close, and perfect for refreshment and rest.

The former is the largest settlement outside of the Reykjavík area, whereas the latter is often called the whale-watching capital of Europe.

 

Services near Krafla

All services in 50km radius

Attractions nearby Krafla

Leirhnjúkur

  Leirhnjukur ('Mud Peak') is a 525 m high active volcano, located to the northeast of Lake Myvatn in North Iceland. Leirhnjukur is pa...

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Víti in Krafla

Viti (meaning 'Hell') in Krafla is an explosion crater. It is one of the two most famous Viti craters in Iceland, the other being Viti in Askj...

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Námaskarð

Námaskarð Pass is a geothermal area on the mountain Námafjall, in north Iceland, less than half an hour’s drive from Lake M&...

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Námafjall Geothermal Area

The Námafjall Geothermal Area is located in Northeast Iceland, on the east side of Lake Mývatn. At this area, also known as Hverir, ...

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Mývatn Nature Baths

Photo from Goðafoss Waterfall and the Mývatn Nature Baths The Mývatn Nature Baths are a set of geothermally heated pools and steam ...

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Bjarnarflag

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons, Photo by LV Corporate Bjarnarflag is the oldest geothermal power station in Iceland, having been first open...

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Mývatn

Mývatn is a beautiful lake with many small islands in the north of Iceland, the fourth largest lake in the country. Due to its serenity, bird...

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Stóragjá

Stóragjá is a little-known rift in north Iceland which holds cave filled with naturally-heated geothermal water. Found next to the vill...

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Grjótagjá

Photo by Andrés Nieto Porras Grjótagjá is a small lava cave located near lake Mývatn in north Iceland, famous for fe...

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Hverfjall

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Tong Hverfjall is a tuff ring volcano with an incredibly impressive crater, approximately one kilo...

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Hverfell

Hverfell is an explosion crater on the east side of Lake Mývatn in northern Iceland and is one of the largest explosion craters in the world. ...

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Gjástykki

  Gjastykki is a beautiful and rugged rift valley to the north of the caldera Krafla, in the north of Iceland. Gjastykki was literally blown ap...

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Dimmuborgir

Dimmuborgir, or the Black Fortress, is a dramatic expanse of lava in the Lake Mývatn area. Steeped with folklore, it is one of the most popul...

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Diamond Circle

The Diamond Circle is a famed 260 kilometre (162 mile) sightseeing route in the northeast of Iceland, characterised by its sheer number of natural a...

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Lofthellir

Lofthellir Cave is a lava cave renowned for its incredible ice formations in north Iceland. Geology of Lofthellir Lofthellir was formed in a volca...

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Hvannfell

  Hvannfell is a mountain in Sudur-Thingeyjarsysla county in North Iceland. The mountain is located near the famous Lake Myvatn. The Burfellshr...

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Dettifoss

Dettifoss is a waterfall found in North Iceland, said to be the most powerful in Europe. It is regularly visited on Diamond Circle tours and should ...

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Jökulsárgljúfur

Jökulsárgljúfur is a canyon in Iceland that was once its own national park; now, it is part of the greater Vatnajökull Natio...

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Lúdentarborgir

Ludentarborgir is a crater row east of Lake Myvatn, about 15 meters long. These craters take their name from the explosion crater Ludent, to the...

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Selfoss (waterfall)

Selfoss is a beautiful waterfall in north Iceland, often visited on Diamond Circle tours. It is not to be confused with the town of the same name i...

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Tours near Krafla

8 Days / 7 Nights Self Drive Tour | The Ring Road & Golden Circle

Book now and secure yourself eight days and 7 nights in the land of ice and fire. This road trip......

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7 Day Guided Ring Road Tour | Explore the Circle of Iceland

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12 Day Winter Self Drive Tour | The Ring Road of Iceland with the Snaefellsnes Peninsula

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10 Day Summer Package | Reykjavik, Akureyri & Icelandic Nature

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Diamond Circle Flying Tour in North Iceland

Fly above north Iceland’s most incredible sites, with this flightseeing tour of the Diamond......

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Summer Excursion to Lake Myvatn and the Lava Fields

Get to know amazing, diverse nature the north has to offer. This tour is essential for those who......

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Midnight Sun Photography Workshop | 12-Day Circle of Iceland

Bring your photography skills to higher levels by joining this 12-day summer workshop chasing......

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Private Lake Myvatn Day Tour

Marvel over the diverse wonders of the lake Mývatn region on this private day tour. Where you......

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Lake Myvatn, the Nature Baths, and Whale Watching | Departures from Akureyri and Reykjavík

Immerse yourself in North Iceland, with a combo trip to see the wonders of Lake Mývatn and the......

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Lake Myvatn Winter Excursion | Departure from Akureyri

Join us on north Iceland's most popular day tour to Lake Mývatn and the surrounding area. This......

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See the Sites in Iceland | 10-Day Ring Road Guided Tour

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10 Day Photography Workshop | Circle of Iceland in Summer

Photograph Iceland in summer from north to south with this 10-day landscape and wildlife......

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Lake Myvatn Sightseeing Day Tour

Enjoy the sites of Mývatn in north Iceland, with this excellent day tour. This is a perfect......

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